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Low prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection in population attending a major hospital in New Delhi, India.
J Commun Dis. 1996 Mar; 28(1):45-8.JC

Abstract

During 4 year period between April 1990 and March 1994, 4120 specimens from the patients attending out patient departments of Medical, Surgical and Antenatal units of a major city hospital were tested for HIV infection as a part of an on-going sentinel surveillance programme. In addition, 1440 specimens from the patients attending STD clinic of the same hospital and 862 females seeking termination of pregnancy from a near by hospital were included for comparison. It was found that only 3 individuals with high risk behaviours out of 2002 females attending antenatal clinic showed evidence of HIV infection (rate 1.49 per 1000). The corresponding rate for the group of patients attending STD clinic and seeking termination of pregnancy were 3 out of 1440 (rate 2.15 per 1000) and 1 out of 862 (rate 1.16 per 1000) respectively. It was noted that prevalence of HIV infection in the hospital attending population with unspecified risk factor (medical, surgical and antenatal clinics) was not a matter of serious concern. The importance of finding out risk factors in females attending antenatal clinic is evident from the study.

Authors+Show Affiliations

AIDS Reference Laboratory Division of Microbiology National Institute of Communicable Diseases Delhi, India.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8778180

Citation

Aggarwal, R K., et al. "Low Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1 (HIV-1) Infection in Population Attending a Major Hospital in New Delhi, India." The Journal of Communicable Diseases, vol. 28, no. 1, 1996, pp. 45-8.
Aggarwal RK, Chattopadhya D, Kumari S. Low prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection in population attending a major hospital in New Delhi, India. J Commun Dis. 1996;28(1):45-8.
Aggarwal, R. K., Chattopadhya, D., & Kumari, S. (1996). Low prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection in population attending a major hospital in New Delhi, India. The Journal of Communicable Diseases, 28(1), 45-8.
Aggarwal RK, Chattopadhya D, Kumari S. Low Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Type-1 (HIV-1) Infection in Population Attending a Major Hospital in New Delhi, India. J Commun Dis. 1996;28(1):45-8. PubMed PMID: 8778180.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Low prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection in population attending a major hospital in New Delhi, India. AU - Aggarwal,R K, AU - Chattopadhya,D, AU - Kumari,S, PY - 1996/3/1/pubmed PY - 1996/3/1/medline PY - 1996/3/1/entrez KW - Asia KW - Biology KW - Comparative Studies KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Hiv Infections KW - India KW - Infections KW - Measurement KW - Prevalence KW - Reproductive Tract Infections KW - Research Methodology KW - Risk Factors KW - Sexually Transmitted Diseases KW - Southern Asia KW - Studies KW - Viral Diseases SP - 45 EP - 8 JF - The Journal of communicable diseases JO - J Commun Dis VL - 28 IS - 1 N2 - During 4 year period between April 1990 and March 1994, 4120 specimens from the patients attending out patient departments of Medical, Surgical and Antenatal units of a major city hospital were tested for HIV infection as a part of an on-going sentinel surveillance programme. In addition, 1440 specimens from the patients attending STD clinic of the same hospital and 862 females seeking termination of pregnancy from a near by hospital were included for comparison. It was found that only 3 individuals with high risk behaviours out of 2002 females attending antenatal clinic showed evidence of HIV infection (rate 1.49 per 1000). The corresponding rate for the group of patients attending STD clinic and seeking termination of pregnancy were 3 out of 1440 (rate 2.15 per 1000) and 1 out of 862 (rate 1.16 per 1000) respectively. It was noted that prevalence of HIV infection in the hospital attending population with unspecified risk factor (medical, surgical and antenatal clinics) was not a matter of serious concern. The importance of finding out risk factors in females attending antenatal clinic is evident from the study. SN - 0019-5138 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8778180/Low_prevalence_of_human_immunodeficiency_virus_type_1__HIV_1__infection_in_population_attending_a_major_hospital_in_New_Delhi_India_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9735 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -