[Surgical treatment in deep venous thrombosis of the legs and pelvis (author's transl)].Zentralbl Chir. 1977; 102(8):459-66.ZC
The only effective causal therapy in thromboses of the deep pelvic and femoral veins is fibrinolysis or operative thrombectomy. Concerning the contraindications, fibrinolysis is successful only up to the 5th day. After that time patients with deep vein thrombosis were submitted to thrombectomy and at the same time, to prevent renewed thrombosis secondary to a slowing down of the flow, a peripheral arteriovenous fistula was temporarily positioned. Between 1974 and 1976, 14 patients were treated operatively this way. In 6 cases of pulmonary embolism a vena cava umbrella filter was inserted.