MUC1-specific targeting immunotherapy with bispecific antibodies: inhibition of xenografted human bile duct carcinoma growth.Cancer Res. 1996 Sep 15; 56(18):4205-12.CR
For the purpose of establishing a new adoptive immunotherapy for bile duct carcinoma (BDC), we synthesized two bispecific antibodies (BsAbs), MUC1 x CD3 BsAb constructed with MUSE11 (anti-MUC1 tumor antigen) and OKT-3 (anti-CD3), and MUC1 x CD28 BsAb constructed with MUSE11 and 15E8 (anti-CD28) antibodies. These two BsAbs reacted well with both MUC1-positive target tumor cells and effector lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. Investigation of in vitro cytotoxicity [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazo-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay] revealed that the MUC1 x CD3 BsAb could antigen-specifically enhance the cytotoxicity of LAK cells. Addition of the two BsAbs (MUC1 x CD3 BsAb plus MUC1 x CD28 BsAb) in vitro resulted in a 60% cytotoxicity, similar to that obtained with BsAb (MUC1 x CD3) alone. Interleukin 12-induced LAK cells demonstrated far greater cytotoxicity (50%) than their interleukin 2-induced counterparts (LAK cells), and this was also enhanced by the BsAbs. When 2 x 10(7) LAK cells sensitized with both kinds of BsAbs were administered four times i.v. to BDC-grafted severe combined immunodeficient mice (tumor size 5 mm in diameter), inhibition of tumor growth was observed. Thus, BsAb-LAK therapy for control of BDC warrants clinical trials.