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Dietary sodium and potassium, socioeconomic status and blood pressure in a Chinese population.
Appetite. 1996 Jun; 26(3):235-46.A

Abstract

The average total intake of sodium was 6.11 g in a Chinese urban diet and 6.49 g in the rural sample in China. Discretionary use of salt provided 53% of the total sodium intake in the urban and 63% in the rural diet. Sodium intakes derived from processed foods, soy sauce and monosodium glutamate were 17%, 16% and 6% respectively in the urban diet, and 4%, 16%, 2% respectively in the rural diet. The mean intake of potassium was 1.95 g in the urban and 1.83 g in the rural diet. Cereals and vegetables were the major sources of dietary potassium. The intakes of total sodium, salt and soy sauce decreased as educational level increased. Similar results were found in white-collar workers and blue-collar workers or farmers. Nevertheless, an inverse association between blood pressure and education was found. The results suggest that reduction in sodium intake, especially cooking salt, and increased potassium intake are needed for nutritional control of hypertension in population-based interventions aimed at all social classes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Food Safety Control and Inspection Institute, Tianjin, China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8800480

Citation

Tian, H G., et al. "Dietary Sodium and Potassium, Socioeconomic Status and Blood Pressure in a Chinese Population." Appetite, vol. 26, no. 3, 1996, pp. 235-46.
Tian HG, Hu G, Dong QN, et al. Dietary sodium and potassium, socioeconomic status and blood pressure in a Chinese population. Appetite. 1996;26(3):235-46.
Tian, H. G., Hu, G., Dong, Q. N., Yang, X. L., Nan, Y., Pietinen, P., & Nissinen, A. (1996). Dietary sodium and potassium, socioeconomic status and blood pressure in a Chinese population. Appetite, 26(3), 235-46.
Tian HG, et al. Dietary Sodium and Potassium, Socioeconomic Status and Blood Pressure in a Chinese Population. Appetite. 1996;26(3):235-46. PubMed PMID: 8800480.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary sodium and potassium, socioeconomic status and blood pressure in a Chinese population. AU - Tian,H G, AU - Hu,G, AU - Dong,Q N, AU - Yang,X L, AU - Nan,Y, AU - Pietinen,P, AU - Nissinen,A, PY - 1996/6/1/pubmed PY - 1996/6/1/medline PY - 1996/6/1/entrez SP - 235 EP - 46 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 26 IS - 3 N2 - The average total intake of sodium was 6.11 g in a Chinese urban diet and 6.49 g in the rural sample in China. Discretionary use of salt provided 53% of the total sodium intake in the urban and 63% in the rural diet. Sodium intakes derived from processed foods, soy sauce and monosodium glutamate were 17%, 16% and 6% respectively in the urban diet, and 4%, 16%, 2% respectively in the rural diet. The mean intake of potassium was 1.95 g in the urban and 1.83 g in the rural diet. Cereals and vegetables were the major sources of dietary potassium. The intakes of total sodium, salt and soy sauce decreased as educational level increased. Similar results were found in white-collar workers and blue-collar workers or farmers. Nevertheless, an inverse association between blood pressure and education was found. The results suggest that reduction in sodium intake, especially cooking salt, and increased potassium intake are needed for nutritional control of hypertension in population-based interventions aimed at all social classes. SN - 0195-6663 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8800480/Dietary_sodium_and_potassium_socioeconomic_status_and_blood_pressure_in_a_Chinese_population_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(96)90018-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -