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[Validity of notified anthropometric data for determining the prevalence of obesity].
Med Clin (Barc). 1996 May 18; 106(19):725-9.MC

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the anthropometric data declared by participants in the Survey of Nutrition and Health in the Community of Valencia, Spain in 1994 to estimate the prevalence of obesity using the values obtained by direct measurement in the participants themselves as a reference.

METHOD

The characteristics of the people who did not declare their weight and/or height were analyzed. Complete information on self declared and measured weight and height was collected in 1,387 subjects (700 males and 687 females). The mean values and proportion of indexes declared and measured were compared and the sensitivity (S), specificity (SP) and predictive values (PV) of a Quetelet Index (QI) QI >or= 30 kg/m2 were estimated to detect obesity in reference to the measured values.

RESULTS

Those who did not declare their weight and/or height demonstrated a higher prevalence of obesity than those who did; 27.9% versus 13.1%, the difference being statistically significant (p < 0.001). The subjects who did declare were found to underestimate their weight, overestimate their height and thus, underestimate their relative weight (RW). This phenomenon was found to be greater in women and in older subjects. The prevalence of undeclared obesity was 10% versus 16.3% in that measured. The S of QI >or= 30 kg/m2 for screening obesity was 66.5%, being 69.3% in women and 63% in men, with a SP of 98.7% and positive PV of 92.4%.

CONCLUSIONS

The estimation of the prevalence of obesity from a Quetelet Index >or= 30 kg/m2 based on self-reported data leads to a considerable underestimation of this problem at population level therefore questioning its validity.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Salud Pública, Universidad de Alicante, Instituto Valenciano de Estudios en Salud Pública (IVESP).No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

spa

PubMed ID

8801383

Citation

Quiles Izquierdo, J, and J Vioque. "[Validity of Notified Anthropometric Data for Determining the Prevalence of Obesity]." Medicina Clinica, vol. 106, no. 19, 1996, pp. 725-9.
Quiles Izquierdo J, Vioque J. [Validity of notified anthropometric data for determining the prevalence of obesity]. Med Clin (Barc). 1996;106(19):725-9.
Quiles Izquierdo, J., & Vioque, J. (1996). [Validity of notified anthropometric data for determining the prevalence of obesity]. Medicina Clinica, 106(19), 725-9.
Quiles Izquierdo J, Vioque J. [Validity of Notified Anthropometric Data for Determining the Prevalence of Obesity]. Med Clin (Barc). 1996 May 18;106(19):725-9. PubMed PMID: 8801383.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Validity of notified anthropometric data for determining the prevalence of obesity]. AU - Quiles Izquierdo,J, AU - Vioque,J, PY - 1996/5/18/pubmed PY - 1996/5/18/medline PY - 1996/5/18/entrez SP - 725 EP - 9 JF - Medicina clinica JO - Med Clin (Barc) VL - 106 IS - 19 N2 - BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the validity of the anthropometric data declared by participants in the Survey of Nutrition and Health in the Community of Valencia, Spain in 1994 to estimate the prevalence of obesity using the values obtained by direct measurement in the participants themselves as a reference. METHOD: The characteristics of the people who did not declare their weight and/or height were analyzed. Complete information on self declared and measured weight and height was collected in 1,387 subjects (700 males and 687 females). The mean values and proportion of indexes declared and measured were compared and the sensitivity (S), specificity (SP) and predictive values (PV) of a Quetelet Index (QI) QI >or= 30 kg/m2 were estimated to detect obesity in reference to the measured values. RESULTS: Those who did not declare their weight and/or height demonstrated a higher prevalence of obesity than those who did; 27.9% versus 13.1%, the difference being statistically significant (p < 0.001). The subjects who did declare were found to underestimate their weight, overestimate their height and thus, underestimate their relative weight (RW). This phenomenon was found to be greater in women and in older subjects. The prevalence of undeclared obesity was 10% versus 16.3% in that measured. The S of QI >or= 30 kg/m2 for screening obesity was 66.5%, being 69.3% in women and 63% in men, with a SP of 98.7% and positive PV of 92.4%. CONCLUSIONS: The estimation of the prevalence of obesity from a Quetelet Index >or= 30 kg/m2 based on self-reported data leads to a considerable underestimation of this problem at population level therefore questioning its validity. SN - 0025-7753 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8801383/[Validity_of_notified_anthropometric_data_for_determining_the_prevalence_of_obesity]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9028 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -