Purification and characterization of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase from Alcaligenes eutrophus.Arch Biochem Biophys. 1996 Aug 01; 332(1):175-82.AB
Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase from Alcaligenes eutrophus was purified to homogeneity using ammonium sulfate fractionation and chromatography on phenyl-Sepharose, MonoQ-Sepharose, and 2,5-ADP-Sepharose. The enzyme is a homotetramer with a subunit molecular mass of 52 kDa. The absorption spectrum of the bacterial dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase has maxima in the 300- and 400-nm region, suggesting a flavoprotein. The enzyme contains 4 mol FMN, about 24 mol iron and acidlabile sulfide per mole of protein, implying a flavoprotein with FeS centers. The bacterial dehydrogenase is NADPH dependent with B-side stereospecificity. The initial velocity patterns of the bacterial dehydrogenase together with isotope exchange at equilibrium and a quantitative analysis of the product and dead-end inhibition data suggest a rapid equilibrium random kinetic mechanism, which is in contrast to results obtained for dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase from pig liver. The pig liver enzyme adheres to a nonclassical two-site ping-pong kinetic mechanism [B. Podschun, P. F. Cook, and K. D. Schnackerz (1990) J. Biol. Chem. 265, 12966-12972], whereas for the bovine enzyme a rapid equilibrium random kinetic mechanism was proposed based on steady-state kinetic data [D. J. T. Porter and T. Spector (1993) J. Biol. Chem. 268, 19321-19327].