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HIV risk correlates among non-injection cocaine dependent men in treatment.
AIDS Educ Prev. 1996 Jun; 8(3):226-35.AE

Abstract

Guided by the AIDS Risk Reduction Model (ARRM), psychosocial correlates of HIV risk behavior were examined among noninjection cocaine dependent, heterosexual men (NI-CD-HM) in treatment. Subjects (N = 111) completed a structured interview to measure ARRM mediating variables and HIV risk behaviors. The results indicated that greater perceived susceptibility to contracting HIV, lower sexual self-efficacy, higher lifetime incidence of sexually transmitted diseases, and being under the influence of alcohol or other drugs during sex predicted having more sexual partners in the month prior to admission. Despite adequate knowledge of safer sex guidelines, subjects remained misinformed regarding certain aspects of HIV transmission. Men who perceived that their partners viewed condoms more positively and who exchanged drugs for sex were more likely to use condoms, yet condom use skills were typically inadequate to ensure effective prevention. These results suggest that HIV prevention interventions among NI-CD-HM should focus on improving knowledge, enhancing beliefs in the capacity to enact safer sex behaviors for preventing HIV and other STDs, building relevant skills (e.g., condom use, open sexual communication between partners), and emphasizing psychoactive substance abstinence. Couple interventions, in which partners actually rehearse safer sex negotiations, may be particularly effective in this regard.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Miami, FL 33136, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8806951

Citation

Malow, R M., and S J. Ireland. "HIV Risk Correlates Among Non-injection Cocaine Dependent Men in Treatment." AIDS Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, vol. 8, no. 3, 1996, pp. 226-35.
Malow RM, Ireland SJ. HIV risk correlates among non-injection cocaine dependent men in treatment. AIDS Educ Prev. 1996;8(3):226-35.
Malow, R. M., & Ireland, S. J. (1996). HIV risk correlates among non-injection cocaine dependent men in treatment. AIDS Education and Prevention : Official Publication of the International Society for AIDS Education, 8(3), 226-35.
Malow RM, Ireland SJ. HIV Risk Correlates Among Non-injection Cocaine Dependent Men in Treatment. AIDS Educ Prev. 1996;8(3):226-35. PubMed PMID: 8806951.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - HIV risk correlates among non-injection cocaine dependent men in treatment. AU - Malow,R M, AU - Ireland,S J, PY - 1996/6/1/pubmed PY - 1996/6/1/medline PY - 1996/6/1/entrez SP - 226 EP - 35 JF - AIDS education and prevention : official publication of the International Society for AIDS Education JO - AIDS Educ Prev VL - 8 IS - 3 N2 - Guided by the AIDS Risk Reduction Model (ARRM), psychosocial correlates of HIV risk behavior were examined among noninjection cocaine dependent, heterosexual men (NI-CD-HM) in treatment. Subjects (N = 111) completed a structured interview to measure ARRM mediating variables and HIV risk behaviors. The results indicated that greater perceived susceptibility to contracting HIV, lower sexual self-efficacy, higher lifetime incidence of sexually transmitted diseases, and being under the influence of alcohol or other drugs during sex predicted having more sexual partners in the month prior to admission. Despite adequate knowledge of safer sex guidelines, subjects remained misinformed regarding certain aspects of HIV transmission. Men who perceived that their partners viewed condoms more positively and who exchanged drugs for sex were more likely to use condoms, yet condom use skills were typically inadequate to ensure effective prevention. These results suggest that HIV prevention interventions among NI-CD-HM should focus on improving knowledge, enhancing beliefs in the capacity to enact safer sex behaviors for preventing HIV and other STDs, building relevant skills (e.g., condom use, open sexual communication between partners), and emphasizing psychoactive substance abstinence. Couple interventions, in which partners actually rehearse safer sex negotiations, may be particularly effective in this regard. SN - 0899-9546 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8806951/HIV_risk_correlates_among_non_injection_cocaine_dependent_men_in_treatment_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9735 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -