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The prevalence of atopic sensitization and respiratory symptoms among Estonian schoolchildren.
Clin Exp Allergy. 1995 Dec; 25(12):1198-204.CE

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To assess the prevalence of atopic sensitization, asthma and other respiratory disorders among Estonian schoolchildren in a coastal industrial city and an inland university town, i.e. Tallinn and Tartu.

DESIGN

Prevalence surveys by self-completion of questionnaires by the children's parents and skin-prick tests (SPT) with eight common allergens.

SUBJECTS

A total of 1519 schoolchildren aged 10-12 years.

RESULTS

The prevalence of positive SPT was 11.0%, with significant differences between Tallinn (14.3%) and Tartu (8.1%), RR 1.89, 95% CI 1.13-2.73, P < 0.001. Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, cat (6.1%) and timothy (4.8%) were the most prevalent sensitizing allergens in Tallinn. The prevalence of asthma diagnosed by a doctor was 2.9%, of wheezing 7.0% and of rhinoconjunctivitis 7.4%, as assessed by questionnaire.

CONCLUSIONS

The prevalence of atopy as defined by a positive SPT, asthma and corresponding respiratory symptoms is low in Estonia similar to other post-socialist countries of Europe. The lower prevalence rates of allergic disorders are possibly explained with differences in lifestyle and living conditions. The relative significance of air pollution was apparently similar in Estonia and western Europe, however, as indicated by the higher prevalence of sensitization in the more polluted city, Tallinn than in Tartu.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tallinn Children's Hospital, Estonia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8821300

Citation

Riikjärv, M A., et al. "The Prevalence of Atopic Sensitization and Respiratory Symptoms Among Estonian Schoolchildren." Clinical and Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, vol. 25, no. 12, 1995, pp. 1198-204.
Riikjärv MA, Julge K, Vasar M, et al. The prevalence of atopic sensitization and respiratory symptoms among Estonian schoolchildren. Clin Exp Allergy. 1995;25(12):1198-204.
Riikjärv, M. A., Julge, K., Vasar, M., Bråbäck, L., Knutsson, A., & Björkstén, B. (1995). The prevalence of atopic sensitization and respiratory symptoms among Estonian schoolchildren. Clinical and Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 25(12), 1198-204.
Riikjärv MA, et al. The Prevalence of Atopic Sensitization and Respiratory Symptoms Among Estonian Schoolchildren. Clin Exp Allergy. 1995;25(12):1198-204. PubMed PMID: 8821300.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence of atopic sensitization and respiratory symptoms among Estonian schoolchildren. AU - Riikjärv,M A, AU - Julge,K, AU - Vasar,M, AU - Bråbäck,L, AU - Knutsson,A, AU - Björkstén,B, PY - 1995/12/1/pubmed PY - 1995/12/1/medline PY - 1995/12/1/entrez SP - 1198 EP - 204 JF - Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology JO - Clin. Exp. Allergy VL - 25 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of atopic sensitization, asthma and other respiratory disorders among Estonian schoolchildren in a coastal industrial city and an inland university town, i.e. Tallinn and Tartu. DESIGN: Prevalence surveys by self-completion of questionnaires by the children's parents and skin-prick tests (SPT) with eight common allergens. SUBJECTS: A total of 1519 schoolchildren aged 10-12 years. RESULTS: The prevalence of positive SPT was 11.0%, with significant differences between Tallinn (14.3%) and Tartu (8.1%), RR 1.89, 95% CI 1.13-2.73, P < 0.001. Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, cat (6.1%) and timothy (4.8%) were the most prevalent sensitizing allergens in Tallinn. The prevalence of asthma diagnosed by a doctor was 2.9%, of wheezing 7.0% and of rhinoconjunctivitis 7.4%, as assessed by questionnaire. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of atopy as defined by a positive SPT, asthma and corresponding respiratory symptoms is low in Estonia similar to other post-socialist countries of Europe. The lower prevalence rates of allergic disorders are possibly explained with differences in lifestyle and living conditions. The relative significance of air pollution was apparently similar in Estonia and western Europe, however, as indicated by the higher prevalence of sensitization in the more polluted city, Tallinn than in Tartu. SN - 0954-7894 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8821300/The_prevalence_of_atopic_sensitization_and_respiratory_symptoms_among_Estonian_schoolchildren_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&amp;sid=nlm:pubmed&amp;issn=0954-7894&amp;date=1995&amp;volume=25&amp;issue=12&amp;spage=1198 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -