Tumor necrosis factor receptor p55 mediates induction of HIV type 1 expression in chronically infected U1 cells.AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 1996 Feb 10; 12(3):199-204.AR
Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) is a potent inducer of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) expression in chronically infected cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the role played by the two known TNF-alpha receptors, TNFR-p55 and TNFR-p75, in the activation of HIV-1 expression. As a model system the latently infected human promonocytic cell line U1 was stimulated with wild-type TNF-alpha, with TNF-alpha muteins that specifically bind to one or the other receptor or with receptor-specific monoclonal antibodies. Induction of HIV-1 expression, measured by p24 core antigen capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), was found to be exclusively triggered by TNFR-p55 stimulation. However, our results also showed that the addition of TNFR-p75-specific ligands negatively modulated the HIV-1 expression induced via TNFR-p55.