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Relationship of hunger and food insecurity to food availability and consumption.
J Am Diet Assoc. 1996 Oct; 96(10):1019-24; quiz 1025-6.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the relationship of new measures of hunger and food insecurity to household food supplies and individual food and nutrient intake.

DESIGN AND SETTING

A questionnaire containing the Radimer/Cornell hunger and food insecurity items and questions on eating patterns and the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption was administered to subjects during a personal interview in their homes. A 24-hour diet recall and a household food inventory were conducted at the initial interview and at a follow-up visit.

SUBJECTS

Participants were 193 women drawn from a random sample of 308 women who had completed a previous health census in a rural New York State county. Subjects' ages ranged from 15 to 40 years. All had children living at home and less than 16 years of education.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

Regression analysis was used to test for linear trends across food insecurity groups for the household food inventory scores and for the frequency of consumption of fruits and vegetables. t Tests were used to assess differences between the food secure and food insecure groups for nutrient and food group means. A chi 2 test for trend was used to examine differences in the distribution of nutrient and fruit and vegetable intake between the food secure and food insecure groups.

RESULTS

A significant decrease in the frequency of consumption of fruits and vegetables and the amount of food in the household and a significant increase in scores indicative of disordered eating patterns were associated with a worsening of food insecurity status. Potassium and fiber intake and fruit consumption differed significantly between the food secure and food insecure groups. The percentage of respondents consuming less than the Recommended Dietary Allowance for vitamin C and fewer than five fruits and vegetables per day was significantly greater among food insecure respondents than food secure respondents.

APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS

The quantity of food available in households and consumption of fruits and vegetables decreased with increasingly severe problems with food insecurity and hunger. In this rural population, the Radimer/ Cornell measures were useful in identifying households experiencing food insecurity and providing information about the nature of the food supply and the dietary intake problems experienced by food insecure households and persons, suggesting that these measures may be useful on community surveys designed to examine food insecurity issues.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8841164

Citation

Kendall, A, et al. "Relationship of Hunger and Food Insecurity to Food Availability and Consumption." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 96, no. 10, 1996, pp. 1019-24; quiz 1025-6.
Kendall A, Olson CM, Frongillo EA. Relationship of hunger and food insecurity to food availability and consumption. J Am Diet Assoc. 1996;96(10):1019-24; quiz 1025-6.
Kendall, A., Olson, C. M., & Frongillo, E. A. (1996). Relationship of hunger and food insecurity to food availability and consumption. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 96(10), 1019-24; quiz 1025-6.
Kendall A, Olson CM, Frongillo EA. Relationship of Hunger and Food Insecurity to Food Availability and Consumption. J Am Diet Assoc. 1996;96(10):1019-24; quiz 1025-6. PubMed PMID: 8841164.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Relationship of hunger and food insecurity to food availability and consumption. AU - Kendall,A, AU - Olson,C M, AU - Frongillo,E A,Jr PY - 1996/10/1/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1996/10/1/entrez SP - 1019-24; quiz 1025-6 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 96 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship of new measures of hunger and food insecurity to household food supplies and individual food and nutrient intake. DESIGN AND SETTING: A questionnaire containing the Radimer/Cornell hunger and food insecurity items and questions on eating patterns and the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption was administered to subjects during a personal interview in their homes. A 24-hour diet recall and a household food inventory were conducted at the initial interview and at a follow-up visit. SUBJECTS: Participants were 193 women drawn from a random sample of 308 women who had completed a previous health census in a rural New York State county. Subjects' ages ranged from 15 to 40 years. All had children living at home and less than 16 years of education. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: Regression analysis was used to test for linear trends across food insecurity groups for the household food inventory scores and for the frequency of consumption of fruits and vegetables. t Tests were used to assess differences between the food secure and food insecure groups for nutrient and food group means. A chi 2 test for trend was used to examine differences in the distribution of nutrient and fruit and vegetable intake between the food secure and food insecure groups. RESULTS: A significant decrease in the frequency of consumption of fruits and vegetables and the amount of food in the household and a significant increase in scores indicative of disordered eating patterns were associated with a worsening of food insecurity status. Potassium and fiber intake and fruit consumption differed significantly between the food secure and food insecure groups. The percentage of respondents consuming less than the Recommended Dietary Allowance for vitamin C and fewer than five fruits and vegetables per day was significantly greater among food insecure respondents than food secure respondents. APPLICATIONS/CONCLUSIONS: The quantity of food available in households and consumption of fruits and vegetables decreased with increasingly severe problems with food insecurity and hunger. In this rural population, the Radimer/ Cornell measures were useful in identifying households experiencing food insecurity and providing information about the nature of the food supply and the dietary intake problems experienced by food insecure households and persons, suggesting that these measures may be useful on community surveys designed to examine food insecurity issues. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8841164/Relationship_of_hunger_and_food_insecurity_to_food_availability_and_consumption_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(96)00271-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -