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Cigarette smoking and ten-year progression of diabetic retinopathy.
Ophthalmology 1996; 103(9):1438-42O

Abstract

PURPOSE

To examine the association between cigarette smoking and the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy.

METHODS

A population-based cohort study of 708 adult younger-onset persons with diabetes, 485 older-onset persons taking insulin, and 502 older-onset persons with diabetes not taking insulin who participated in baseline, 4-year, and 10-year examinations. Incidence and progression of retinopathy and progression to proliferative retinopathy were measured as determined by fundus photography.

RESULTS

Neither smoking status nor pack-years smoked showed significant associations with increased risk of retinopathy.

CONCLUSIONS

Cigarette smoking is not a risk factor for the long-term incidence of retinopathy. However, the failure to find an association between smoking and diabetic retinopathy does not imply that persons with diabetes who smoke should not stop as cigarette smoking is a risk factor for other complications and associated conditions of diabetes, particularly cardiovascular disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin Medical School, Madison, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8841303

Citation

Moss, S E., et al. "Cigarette Smoking and Ten-year Progression of Diabetic Retinopathy." Ophthalmology, vol. 103, no. 9, 1996, pp. 1438-42.
Moss SE, Klein R, Klein BE. Cigarette smoking and ten-year progression of diabetic retinopathy. Ophthalmology. 1996;103(9):1438-42.
Moss, S. E., Klein, R., & Klein, B. E. (1996). Cigarette smoking and ten-year progression of diabetic retinopathy. Ophthalmology, 103(9), pp. 1438-42.
Moss SE, Klein R, Klein BE. Cigarette Smoking and Ten-year Progression of Diabetic Retinopathy. Ophthalmology. 1996;103(9):1438-42. PubMed PMID: 8841303.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cigarette smoking and ten-year progression of diabetic retinopathy. AU - Moss,S E, AU - Klein,R, AU - Klein,B E, PY - 1996/9/1/pubmed PY - 1996/9/1/medline PY - 1996/9/1/entrez SP - 1438 EP - 42 JF - Ophthalmology JO - Ophthalmology VL - 103 IS - 9 N2 - PURPOSE: To examine the association between cigarette smoking and the incidence and progression of diabetic retinopathy. METHODS: A population-based cohort study of 708 adult younger-onset persons with diabetes, 485 older-onset persons taking insulin, and 502 older-onset persons with diabetes not taking insulin who participated in baseline, 4-year, and 10-year examinations. Incidence and progression of retinopathy and progression to proliferative retinopathy were measured as determined by fundus photography. RESULTS: Neither smoking status nor pack-years smoked showed significant associations with increased risk of retinopathy. CONCLUSIONS: Cigarette smoking is not a risk factor for the long-term incidence of retinopathy. However, the failure to find an association between smoking and diabetic retinopathy does not imply that persons with diabetes who smoke should not stop as cigarette smoking is a risk factor for other complications and associated conditions of diabetes, particularly cardiovascular disease. SN - 0161-6420 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8841303/Cigarette_smoking_and_ten_year_progression_of_diabetic_retinopathy_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0161-6420(96)30486-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -