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Food patterns of elderly Europeans. SENECA Investigators.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996 Jul; 50 Suppl 2:S86-100.EJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To compare actual food intake of elderly people in Europe and further identify food patterns, which mediate favourable or unfavourable nutrient intakes from cluster analysis of pooled data.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional analysis of food patterns of participants of the SENECA follow-up study (1993).

SETTING

Twelve traditional European towns.

SUBJECTS

Men (n = 647) and women (n = 710) aged 74-79 y in 1993.

METHODS

Food intake data were assessed using the same validated dietary history technique in all SENECA towns. Cluster analysis was used to classify subjects into groups based on similarities in dietary variables.

RESULTS

A northern and southern European eating pattern emerged. The southern food pattern appeared to be the most healthful being rich in grain, vegetables, fruit, lean meat and olive oil. The north-south gradient did, however, not systematically segregate into the same clusters. All dietary profiles were represented in all sites. The four dietary profiles, identified by cluster analysis, were: 'Lean and green eaters': high carbohydrate and vitamin C intake, 'gourmands': high intake of energy and nutrients, 'milk drinkers': high intake of calcium and vitamin B2 and 'small eaters': marginal energy and nutrient consumption. Marital status, education, smoking, health status and physical activity level differed between clusters.

CONCLUSIONS

A north-south gradient of food patterns was identified. The southern diet agreed better with guidelines for healthy eating. A sufficient energy intake seemed, however, to be necessary for an adequate nutrient intake, beside a good choice of food types.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Ciudad Universitaria, Facultad de Farmacia, Madrid, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8841788

Citation

Schroll, K, et al. "Food Patterns of Elderly Europeans. SENECA Investigators." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 50 Suppl 2, 1996, pp. S86-100.
Schroll K, Carbajal A, Decarli B, et al. Food patterns of elderly Europeans. SENECA Investigators. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996;50 Suppl 2:S86-100.
Schroll, K., Carbajal, A., Decarli, B., Martins, I., Grunenberger, F., Blauw, Y. H., & de Groot, C. P. (1996). Food patterns of elderly Europeans. SENECA Investigators. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 50 Suppl 2, S86-100.
Schroll K, et al. Food Patterns of Elderly Europeans. SENECA Investigators. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996;50 Suppl 2:S86-100. PubMed PMID: 8841788.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Food patterns of elderly Europeans. SENECA Investigators. AU - Schroll,K, AU - Carbajal,A, AU - Decarli,B, AU - Martins,I, AU - Grunenberger,F, AU - Blauw,Y H, AU - de Groot,C P, PY - 1996/7/1/pubmed PY - 1996/7/1/medline PY - 1996/7/1/entrez SP - S86 EP - 100 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 50 Suppl 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To compare actual food intake of elderly people in Europe and further identify food patterns, which mediate favourable or unfavourable nutrient intakes from cluster analysis of pooled data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of food patterns of participants of the SENECA follow-up study (1993). SETTING: Twelve traditional European towns. SUBJECTS: Men (n = 647) and women (n = 710) aged 74-79 y in 1993. METHODS: Food intake data were assessed using the same validated dietary history technique in all SENECA towns. Cluster analysis was used to classify subjects into groups based on similarities in dietary variables. RESULTS: A northern and southern European eating pattern emerged. The southern food pattern appeared to be the most healthful being rich in grain, vegetables, fruit, lean meat and olive oil. The north-south gradient did, however, not systematically segregate into the same clusters. All dietary profiles were represented in all sites. The four dietary profiles, identified by cluster analysis, were: 'Lean and green eaters': high carbohydrate and vitamin C intake, 'gourmands': high intake of energy and nutrients, 'milk drinkers': high intake of calcium and vitamin B2 and 'small eaters': marginal energy and nutrient consumption. Marital status, education, smoking, health status and physical activity level differed between clusters. CONCLUSIONS: A north-south gradient of food patterns was identified. The southern diet agreed better with guidelines for healthy eating. A sufficient energy intake seemed, however, to be necessary for an adequate nutrient intake, beside a good choice of food types. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8841788/Food_patterns_of_elderly_Europeans__SENECA_Investigators_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/olderadulthealth.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -