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Cognitive factors in adjustment to cancer: attributions of self-blame and perceptions of control.
J Behav Med 1995; 18(5):401-17JB

Abstract

We examined attributions of behavioral and characterological self-blame and perceptions of control over disease progression and recurrence as predictors of symptoms of psychological distress in a sample of adult men and women with cancer. Data were obtained near the time of diagnosis and a 4-month follow-up. Initial levels of behavioral and characterological self-blame were unrelated to concurrent psychological distress. Initial characterological self-blame as well as the interaction of characterological and behavioral self-blame was predictive of psychological distress 4 months later. Perceptions of control over cancer recurrence were unrelated to psychological distress near diagnosis or at follow-up, and control beliefs did not function as a mediator of self-blame. Initial levels of psychological distress predicted characterological but not behavioral self-blame at follow-up, suggesting a reciprocal relationship between characterological self-blame and distress.

Authors+Show Affiliations

San Diego State University, California 92120-4913, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8847712

Citation

Malcarne, V L., et al. "Cognitive Factors in Adjustment to Cancer: Attributions of Self-blame and Perceptions of Control." Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 18, no. 5, 1995, pp. 401-17.
Malcarne VL, Compas BE, Epping-Jordan JE, et al. Cognitive factors in adjustment to cancer: attributions of self-blame and perceptions of control. J Behav Med. 1995;18(5):401-17.
Malcarne, V. L., Compas, B. E., Epping-Jordan, J. E., & Howell, D. C. (1995). Cognitive factors in adjustment to cancer: attributions of self-blame and perceptions of control. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 18(5), pp. 401-17.
Malcarne VL, et al. Cognitive Factors in Adjustment to Cancer: Attributions of Self-blame and Perceptions of Control. J Behav Med. 1995;18(5):401-17. PubMed PMID: 8847712.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cognitive factors in adjustment to cancer: attributions of self-blame and perceptions of control. AU - Malcarne,V L, AU - Compas,B E, AU - Epping-Jordan,J E, AU - Howell,D C, PY - 1995/10/1/pubmed PY - 1995/10/1/medline PY - 1995/10/1/entrez SP - 401 EP - 17 JF - Journal of behavioral medicine JO - J Behav Med VL - 18 IS - 5 N2 - We examined attributions of behavioral and characterological self-blame and perceptions of control over disease progression and recurrence as predictors of symptoms of psychological distress in a sample of adult men and women with cancer. Data were obtained near the time of diagnosis and a 4-month follow-up. Initial levels of behavioral and characterological self-blame were unrelated to concurrent psychological distress. Initial characterological self-blame as well as the interaction of characterological and behavioral self-blame was predictive of psychological distress 4 months later. Perceptions of control over cancer recurrence were unrelated to psychological distress near diagnosis or at follow-up, and control beliefs did not function as a mediator of self-blame. Initial levels of psychological distress predicted characterological but not behavioral self-blame at follow-up, suggesting a reciprocal relationship between characterological self-blame and distress. SN - 0160-7715 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8847712/Cognitive_factors_in_adjustment_to_cancer:_attributions_of_self_blame_and_perceptions_of_control_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/stress.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -