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The epidemiology of HIV-1 infection in Peru, 1986-1990.
AIDS. 1996 Sep; 10(10):1141-5.AIDS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To determine the extent of the HIV-1 epidemic in Peru.

DESIGN

Part of a national serosurvey in Peru.

METHODS

Between January 1986 and December 1990, 140,976 serum samples were tested for HIV-1 antibody.

RESULTS

HIV-1 antibody was found in a high percentage of serum samples provided by 4300 homosexual men (26%), 2204 male sexually transmitted disease patients (10%), 145 drug users (13%), 269 hemophiliacs (10%), and 146 unlicensed female prostitutes (10%). In addition, the prevalence of HIV-1 infection increased substantially among these groups between the beginning and end of the survey period. A low but rising prevalence of HIV-1 antibody was found during this period among serum samples provided by 83,526 blood donors and 11,101 military personnel:total period prevalence, 0.25 and 0.32%, respectively.

CONCLUSION

These data indicate that HIV-1 infection is epidemic in Peru among groups at high risk of sexually and parenterally transmitted diseases, and that the risk of infection appears to be low but possibly increasing among the general population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8874632

Citation

McCarthy, M C., et al. "The Epidemiology of HIV-1 Infection in Peru, 1986-1990." AIDS (London, England), vol. 10, no. 10, 1996, pp. 1141-5.
McCarthy MC, Wignall FS, Sanchez J, et al. The epidemiology of HIV-1 infection in Peru, 1986-1990. AIDS. 1996;10(10):1141-5.
McCarthy, M. C., Wignall, F. S., Sanchez, J., Gotuzzo, E., Alarcon, J., Phillips, I., Watts, D. M., & Hyams, K. C. (1996). The epidemiology of HIV-1 infection in Peru, 1986-1990. AIDS (London, England), 10(10), 1141-5.
McCarthy MC, et al. The Epidemiology of HIV-1 Infection in Peru, 1986-1990. AIDS. 1996;10(10):1141-5. PubMed PMID: 8874632.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The epidemiology of HIV-1 infection in Peru, 1986-1990. AU - McCarthy,M C, AU - Wignall,F S, AU - Sanchez,J, AU - Gotuzzo,E, AU - Alarcon,J, AU - Phillips,I, AU - Watts,D M, AU - Hyams,K C, PY - 1996/9/1/pubmed PY - 1996/9/1/medline PY - 1996/9/1/entrez KW - Americas KW - Biology KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Epidemiologic Methods KW - Examinations And Diagnoses KW - Hiv Infections KW - Hiv Serodiagnosis KW - Laboratory Examinations And Diagnoses KW - Latin America KW - Measurement KW - Peru KW - Prevalence--changes KW - Research Methodology KW - Risk Factors KW - Sampling Studies KW - South America KW - Studies KW - Surveys KW - Viral Diseases SP - 1141 EP - 5 JF - AIDS (London, England) JO - AIDS VL - 10 IS - 10 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of the HIV-1 epidemic in Peru. DESIGN: Part of a national serosurvey in Peru. METHODS: Between January 1986 and December 1990, 140,976 serum samples were tested for HIV-1 antibody. RESULTS: HIV-1 antibody was found in a high percentage of serum samples provided by 4300 homosexual men (26%), 2204 male sexually transmitted disease patients (10%), 145 drug users (13%), 269 hemophiliacs (10%), and 146 unlicensed female prostitutes (10%). In addition, the prevalence of HIV-1 infection increased substantially among these groups between the beginning and end of the survey period. A low but rising prevalence of HIV-1 antibody was found during this period among serum samples provided by 83,526 blood donors and 11,101 military personnel:total period prevalence, 0.25 and 0.32%, respectively. CONCLUSION: These data indicate that HIV-1 infection is epidemic in Peru among groups at high risk of sexually and parenterally transmitted diseases, and that the risk of infection appears to be low but possibly increasing among the general population. SN - 0269-9370 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8874632/The_epidemiology_of_HIV_1_infection_in_Peru_1986_1990_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=8874632.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -