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Physiological responses in nonheat acclimated horses performing treadmill exercise in cool (20 degrees C/40% RH), hot dry (30 degrees C/40% RH) and hot humid (30 degrees C/80% RH) conditions.
Equine Vet J Suppl. 1996 JulEV

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of different environmental conditions on physiological response to exercise. Four winter acclimatised, nonheat acclimated horses of different breeds were exercised at 20 degrees C/40% RH (CD), 30 degrees C/40% RH (HD) and 30 degrees C/80% RH (HH). The exercise test was designed to represent the structure and intensity of a One star Speed and Endurance test (competition exercise test [CET]). All 4 horses were able to complete the full CET (60 min + 30 min active recovery) in CD and HD, but only one horse completed the CET in HH. Two horses were stopped because of pronounced general fatigue and one because of a right atrial temperature (TRA) of 43 degrees C. Oxygen uptake on each phase was not different between CD and HD, but was higher during Phases B, C and D in HH. Mean peak TRA at the end of Phase D was 40.3 +/- 0.2, 41.6 +/- 0.4 and 42 +/- 0.3 degrees C for CD, HD and HH, respectively. Corresponding, mean peak rectal temperatures (TREC) following Phase D were 39.5 +/- 0.1, 40.6 +/- 0.1 and 41.5 +/- 0.1 degree C for CD, HD and HH, respectively. Mean time to peak TREC was 9.3 +/- 1.1 (CD), 7.3 +/- 1.8 (HD) and 10.8 +/- 2.3 (HH) min and was not significantly different between conditions (P > 0.05). Heat dissipation amounted to 83 +/- 1, 73 +/- 2 and 70 +/- 1% of heat production in CD, HD and HH, respectively. Weight loss was significantly correlated with both body surface area (CD r = 0.85; HD r = 0.87; HH r = 0.81) and bodyweight (CD r = 0.97; HD r = 0.93; HH r = 0.94). The greatest weight loss recorded was 4.6% bodyweight in one horse in HD. The mean increase in exercise intensity over the whole CET (in terms of VO2) of HD and HH and HH compared with CD was 5 +/- 3 and 14 +/- 3% higher, respectively. The exercise induced hyperthermia and the reduced capacity for heat dissipation produced partial compensatory responses in minute ventilation (VE), particularly during Phase C, when the horses were trotting. In HD, the increase in VE was achieved mainly through an increase in frequency, whilst in HH it was achieved through an increase in tidal volume (VT). The horses demonstrated a high degree of tolerance to environmental heat load, suggesting a high thermoregulatory capacity. However, for unacclimatised animals exercising in severely hot and humid conditions, performance may be limited.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Centre for Equine Studies, Animal Health Trust, Newmarket, Suffolk, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8894553

Citation

Marlin, D J., et al. "Physiological Responses in Nonheat Acclimated Horses Performing Treadmill Exercise in Cool (20 Degrees C/40% RH), Hot Dry (30 Degrees C/40% RH) and Hot Humid (30 Degrees C/80% RH) Conditions." Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement, 1996, pp. 70-84.
Marlin DJ, Scott CM, Schroter RC, et al. Physiological responses in nonheat acclimated horses performing treadmill exercise in cool (20 degrees C/40% RH), hot dry (30 degrees C/40% RH) and hot humid (30 degrees C/80% RH) conditions. Equine Vet J Suppl. 1996.
Marlin, D. J., Scott, C. M., Schroter, R. C., Mills, P. C., Harris, R. C., Harris, P. A., Orme, C. E., Roberts, C. A., Marr, C. M., Dyson, S. J., & Barrelet, F. (1996). Physiological responses in nonheat acclimated horses performing treadmill exercise in cool (20 degrees C/40% RH), hot dry (30 degrees C/40% RH) and hot humid (30 degrees C/80% RH) conditions. Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement, (22), 70-84.
Marlin DJ, et al. Physiological Responses in Nonheat Acclimated Horses Performing Treadmill Exercise in Cool (20 Degrees C/40% RH), Hot Dry (30 Degrees C/40% RH) and Hot Humid (30 Degrees C/80% RH) Conditions. Equine Vet J Suppl. 1996;(22)70-84. PubMed PMID: 8894553.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Physiological responses in nonheat acclimated horses performing treadmill exercise in cool (20 degrees C/40% RH), hot dry (30 degrees C/40% RH) and hot humid (30 degrees C/80% RH) conditions. AU - Marlin,D J, AU - Scott,C M, AU - Schroter,R C, AU - Mills,P C, AU - Harris,R C, AU - Harris,P A, AU - Orme,C E, AU - Roberts,C A, AU - Marr,C M, AU - Dyson,S J, AU - Barrelet,F, PY - 1996/7/1/pubmed PY - 1996/7/1/medline PY - 1996/7/1/entrez SP - 70 EP - 84 JF - Equine veterinary journal. Supplement JO - Equine Vet J Suppl IS - 22 N2 - The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of different environmental conditions on physiological response to exercise. Four winter acclimatised, nonheat acclimated horses of different breeds were exercised at 20 degrees C/40% RH (CD), 30 degrees C/40% RH (HD) and 30 degrees C/80% RH (HH). The exercise test was designed to represent the structure and intensity of a One star Speed and Endurance test (competition exercise test [CET]). All 4 horses were able to complete the full CET (60 min + 30 min active recovery) in CD and HD, but only one horse completed the CET in HH. Two horses were stopped because of pronounced general fatigue and one because of a right atrial temperature (TRA) of 43 degrees C. Oxygen uptake on each phase was not different between CD and HD, but was higher during Phases B, C and D in HH. Mean peak TRA at the end of Phase D was 40.3 +/- 0.2, 41.6 +/- 0.4 and 42 +/- 0.3 degrees C for CD, HD and HH, respectively. Corresponding, mean peak rectal temperatures (TREC) following Phase D were 39.5 +/- 0.1, 40.6 +/- 0.1 and 41.5 +/- 0.1 degree C for CD, HD and HH, respectively. Mean time to peak TREC was 9.3 +/- 1.1 (CD), 7.3 +/- 1.8 (HD) and 10.8 +/- 2.3 (HH) min and was not significantly different between conditions (P > 0.05). Heat dissipation amounted to 83 +/- 1, 73 +/- 2 and 70 +/- 1% of heat production in CD, HD and HH, respectively. Weight loss was significantly correlated with both body surface area (CD r = 0.85; HD r = 0.87; HH r = 0.81) and bodyweight (CD r = 0.97; HD r = 0.93; HH r = 0.94). The greatest weight loss recorded was 4.6% bodyweight in one horse in HD. The mean increase in exercise intensity over the whole CET (in terms of VO2) of HD and HH and HH compared with CD was 5 +/- 3 and 14 +/- 3% higher, respectively. The exercise induced hyperthermia and the reduced capacity for heat dissipation produced partial compensatory responses in minute ventilation (VE), particularly during Phase C, when the horses were trotting. In HD, the increase in VE was achieved mainly through an increase in frequency, whilst in HH it was achieved through an increase in tidal volume (VT). The horses demonstrated a high degree of tolerance to environmental heat load, suggesting a high thermoregulatory capacity. However, for unacclimatised animals exercising in severely hot and humid conditions, performance may be limited. UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8894553/Physiological_responses_in_nonheat_acclimated_horses_performing_treadmill_exercise_in_cool__20_degrees_C/40_RH__hot_dry__30_degrees_C/40_RH__and_hot_humid__30_degrees_C/80_RH__conditions_ L2 - https://antibodies.cancer.gov/detail/CPTC-CTLA4-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -