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Hypertension and other cardiovascular disease risk factors among Mexican Americans, Cuban Americans, and Puerto Ricans from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey.
Public Health Rep. 1996; 111 Suppl 2:7-10.PH

Abstract

DESPITE THEIR HIGHER PREVALENCE of obesity and diabetes, Hispanics have lower or equal rates of hypertension than non-Hispanic whites (1-4). Healthy People 2000 objectives call for increasing the proportion of hypertensive men whose blood pressure is under control to at least 40%. In addition, the objectives recommend reducing the prevalence of overweight to 41% among hypertensive women, and to 35% among hypertensive men (5). The Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES) collected data on Mexican Americans (MA), Cuban Americans (CA), and Puerto Ricans (PR) living in the continental United States. A trained physician measured systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure twice in one visit. Our findings provide data to assess baseline estimates for several Healthy People 2000 objectives among Hispanics. Based on criteria from The Fifth Report of the Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-V), we found Hispanic women to have higher rates of awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension than men. Only 8% of MA and PR men and 9% of CA men who were hypertensive had their high blood pressure under control. The prevalence of overweight among hypertensive men ranged from 39% to 60%; and among hypertensive women, from 44% to 74%. Hispanic women with six or fewer years of education had higher prevalence of hypertension and other cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Future research should investigate the socioeconomic factors associated with the presence of these risk factors.

Authors+Show Affiliations

National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Office of Prevention, Education, and Control, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8898761

Citation

Crespo, C J., et al. "Hypertension and Other Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Mexican Americans, Cuban Americans, and Puerto Ricans From the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey." Public Health Reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974), vol. 111 Suppl 2, 1996, pp. 7-10.
Crespo CJ, Loria CM, Burt VL. Hypertension and other cardiovascular disease risk factors among Mexican Americans, Cuban Americans, and Puerto Ricans from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Public Health Rep. 1996;111 Suppl 2:7-10.
Crespo, C. J., Loria, C. M., & Burt, V. L. (1996). Hypertension and other cardiovascular disease risk factors among Mexican Americans, Cuban Americans, and Puerto Ricans from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Public Health Reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974), 111 Suppl 2, 7-10.
Crespo CJ, Loria CM, Burt VL. Hypertension and Other Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among Mexican Americans, Cuban Americans, and Puerto Ricans From the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Public Health Rep. 1996;111 Suppl 2:7-10. PubMed PMID: 8898761.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Hypertension and other cardiovascular disease risk factors among Mexican Americans, Cuban Americans, and Puerto Ricans from the Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. AU - Crespo,C J, AU - Loria,C M, AU - Burt,V L, PY - 1996/1/1/pubmed PY - 1996/1/1/medline PY - 1996/1/1/entrez SP - 7 EP - 10 JF - Public health reports (Washington, D.C. : 1974) JO - Public Health Rep VL - 111 Suppl 2 N2 - DESPITE THEIR HIGHER PREVALENCE of obesity and diabetes, Hispanics have lower or equal rates of hypertension than non-Hispanic whites (1-4). Healthy People 2000 objectives call for increasing the proportion of hypertensive men whose blood pressure is under control to at least 40%. In addition, the objectives recommend reducing the prevalence of overweight to 41% among hypertensive women, and to 35% among hypertensive men (5). The Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (HHANES) collected data on Mexican Americans (MA), Cuban Americans (CA), and Puerto Ricans (PR) living in the continental United States. A trained physician measured systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure twice in one visit. Our findings provide data to assess baseline estimates for several Healthy People 2000 objectives among Hispanics. Based on criteria from The Fifth Report of the Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-V), we found Hispanic women to have higher rates of awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension than men. Only 8% of MA and PR men and 9% of CA men who were hypertensive had their high blood pressure under control. The prevalence of overweight among hypertensive men ranged from 39% to 60%; and among hypertensive women, from 44% to 74%. Hispanic women with six or fewer years of education had higher prevalence of hypertension and other cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Future research should investigate the socioeconomic factors associated with the presence of these risk factors. SN - 0033-3549 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8898761/Hypertension_and_other_cardiovascular_disease_risk_factors_among_Mexican_Americans_Cuban_Americans_and_Puerto_Ricans_from_the_Hispanic_Health_and_Nutrition_Examination_Survey_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/8898761/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -