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A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of calcium supplementation for decreased bone density in corticosteroid-using patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a pilot study.
Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1996; 10(5):777-86AP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a high prevalence of osteoporosis. A number of studies have found that corticosteroid use is associated with the development of osteoporosis in these patients. Calcium supplementation may be of benefit in corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis and calcium may be a nutrient that patients with IBD lack.

AIM

To test the benefit of calcium supplementation on bone density in a pilot study over a 1-year period, in a group of corticosteroid-using patients with IBD, in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment study.

METHODS

Corticosteroid-using patients with IBD including males over the age of 18 years and premenopausal females, were randomized to receive either calcium carbonate 1000 mg plus vitamin D 250 IU (Oscal) or an identically matched placebo. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements of bone density were obtained at entry and at 1 year. At entry, and every 3 months thereafter, serum was collected for the measurement of haemoglobin, biochemistry and bone hormones. Simultaneously a 24-h urine collection was analysed for calcium excretion and creatinine clearance, and a 4-day food record was collected to document dietary calcium and vitamin D ingestion.

RESULTS

We found a high prevalence of moderately severe decreased bone density in corticosteroid-using patients with IBD. The dose of prednisone in the year prior to study entry was inversely correlated with bone density at the hip (R = -0.67, P = 0.004). At study entry serum osteocalcin was inversely correlated with corticosteroid dose in the year prior to the study (R = -0.64, P = 0.02) and at study end, directly correlated with the percentage change in spine bone density (R = 0.59, P = 0.01). The dietary calcium intake of these patients was close to the current RDA (recommended daily intake) for premenopausal, post-adolescent adults. Calcium supplementation with small extra doses of vitamin D conferred no obvious benefit to bone density at the end of 1 year. There was no correlation between oral calcium ingestion and bone mass measurements. Both the treatment and placebo groups' bone density remained relatively stable at 1 year, suggesting that bone loss in corticosteroid-using patients may peak early into the use of the corticosteroids.

CONCLUSIONS

Calcium supplementation (1000 mg/day) conferred no significant benefit to bone density at 1 year in patients with corticosteroid-using IBD patients with osteoporosis. Future investigations should explore other therapeutic avenues that may have greater effects on increasing bone density in patients who already have considerable osteoporosis.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8899087

Citation

Bernstein, C N., et al. "A Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial of Calcium Supplementation for Decreased Bone Density in Corticosteroid-using Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: a Pilot Study." Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, vol. 10, no. 5, 1996, pp. 777-86.
Bernstein CN, Seeger LL, Anton PA, et al. A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of calcium supplementation for decreased bone density in corticosteroid-using patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a pilot study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1996;10(5):777-86.
Bernstein, C. N., Seeger, L. L., Anton, P. A., Artinian, L., Geffrey, S., Goodman, W., ... Shanahan, F. (1996). A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of calcium supplementation for decreased bone density in corticosteroid-using patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a pilot study. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 10(5), pp. 777-86.
Bernstein CN, et al. A Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial of Calcium Supplementation for Decreased Bone Density in Corticosteroid-using Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease: a Pilot Study. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 1996;10(5):777-86. PubMed PMID: 8899087.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of calcium supplementation for decreased bone density in corticosteroid-using patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a pilot study. AU - Bernstein,C N, AU - Seeger,L L, AU - Anton,P A, AU - Artinian,L, AU - Geffrey,S, AU - Goodman,W, AU - Belin,T R, AU - Shanahan,F, PY - 1996/10/1/pubmed PY - 1996/10/1/medline PY - 1996/10/1/entrez SP - 777 EP - 86 JF - Alimentary pharmacology & therapeutics JO - Aliment. Pharmacol. Ther. VL - 10 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) have a high prevalence of osteoporosis. A number of studies have found that corticosteroid use is associated with the development of osteoporosis in these patients. Calcium supplementation may be of benefit in corticosteroid-induced osteoporosis and calcium may be a nutrient that patients with IBD lack. AIM: To test the benefit of calcium supplementation on bone density in a pilot study over a 1-year period, in a group of corticosteroid-using patients with IBD, in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled treatment study. METHODS: Corticosteroid-using patients with IBD including males over the age of 18 years and premenopausal females, were randomized to receive either calcium carbonate 1000 mg plus vitamin D 250 IU (Oscal) or an identically matched placebo. Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry measurements of bone density were obtained at entry and at 1 year. At entry, and every 3 months thereafter, serum was collected for the measurement of haemoglobin, biochemistry and bone hormones. Simultaneously a 24-h urine collection was analysed for calcium excretion and creatinine clearance, and a 4-day food record was collected to document dietary calcium and vitamin D ingestion. RESULTS: We found a high prevalence of moderately severe decreased bone density in corticosteroid-using patients with IBD. The dose of prednisone in the year prior to study entry was inversely correlated with bone density at the hip (R = -0.67, P = 0.004). At study entry serum osteocalcin was inversely correlated with corticosteroid dose in the year prior to the study (R = -0.64, P = 0.02) and at study end, directly correlated with the percentage change in spine bone density (R = 0.59, P = 0.01). The dietary calcium intake of these patients was close to the current RDA (recommended daily intake) for premenopausal, post-adolescent adults. Calcium supplementation with small extra doses of vitamin D conferred no obvious benefit to bone density at the end of 1 year. There was no correlation between oral calcium ingestion and bone mass measurements. Both the treatment and placebo groups' bone density remained relatively stable at 1 year, suggesting that bone loss in corticosteroid-using patients may peak early into the use of the corticosteroids. CONCLUSIONS: Calcium supplementation (1000 mg/day) conferred no significant benefit to bone density at 1 year in patients with corticosteroid-using IBD patients with osteoporosis. Future investigations should explore other therapeutic avenues that may have greater effects on increasing bone density in patients who already have considerable osteoporosis. SN - 0269-2813 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8899087/A_randomized_placebo_controlled_trial_of_calcium_supplementation_for_decreased_bone_density_in_corticosteroid_using_patients_with_inflammatory_bowel_disease:_a_pilot_study_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0269-2813&date=1996&volume=10&issue=5&spage=777 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -