Plasma factor VII and its relation to adipose tissue fatty acids and other atherogenic risk factors in healthy men.Eur J Clin Invest. 1996 Mar; 26(3):247-53.EJ
In this study the authors examined the relationships of plasma factor VII (F-VII) to adipose tissue fatty acid composition, as an objective index of the habitual dietary fat intake, as well as to a number of other atherogenic risk factors in 60 healthy male volunteers (aged 38 years). Significant positive correlations were found between plasma F-VII [measured as antigen (F-VIIAg) and coagulant activity, using bovine thromboplastin (F-VIIbt)] and body mass index (BMI), waist-thigh girth ratio (WTR), cigarette smoking and plasma triglyceride concentration. After adjustment for BMI, only plasma triglycerides remained positively correlated with F-VII (r = 0 center dot 27, P = 0 center dot 03, and r = 0 center dot 29, P < 0 center dot 01, for F-VIIbt and F-VIIAg respectively). A significant positive relation was found between F-VII and the total proportion of fatty acid as monounsaturated fatty acid (r = 0 center dot 26, P < 0 center dot 05, for F-VIIAg), whereas inverse relations were found between F-VII, the total proportion of fatty acid as polyunsaturated fatty acid (r = -0 center dot 26 and r = -0 center dot 25, P < 0 center dot 05, for F-VIIbt and F-VIIAg respectively), polyunsaturated-saturated fat ratio (r = -0 center dot 25, P < 0 center dot 05, for F-VIIbt) and, more significantly, between F-VII and adipose-tissue alpha-linolenic acid (r = -0 center dot 29, P < 0 center dot 01, for F-VIIbt and r = -0 center dot 49, P < 0 center dot 001, for F-VIIAg). All these correlations remained significant after matching for BMI. In a multiple linear regression analysis, only adipose tissue alpha-linolenic acid was a negative and independent predictor of F-VIIAg (P = 0 center dot 004) and, at borderline significance, of F-VIIbt (P = 0 center dot 061) when allowance was made for BMI, WTR, smoking and plasma triglycerides. In conclusion, this study shows significant relations between F-VII and adipose tissue fatty acid composition in healthy male individuals; it supports the possibility that adipose tissue poly-unsaturated fatty acids, derived from dietary intake, play a role in the relation between F-VII and coronary heart disease (CHD), thus suggesting that high dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid intake (especially alpha-linolenic acid) may reduce the risk for CHD by an improvement of a number of risk factors, including a lowering of plasma F-VII (both activity and antigen).