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Differences in resting energy expenditure in prepubertal black children and white children.
J Pediatr 1996; 129(5):643-7JPed

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate differences in resting energy expenditure (REE) of black and white prepubertal children.

SUBJECTS

The study subjects were 34 prepubertal children 5 to 12 years of age and weighing 90% to 206% ideal body weight. Girls represented 59% of the study subjects; 44% were white children and 56% were black children.

METHODS

Fat-free mass (FFM), fat mass, and the percentage of body fat were determined by total body electrical conductivity. Fasting REE was measured by open-circuit indirect calorimetry.

RESULTS

Although weight, height, FFM, fat mass, percentage of body fat, and age were similar between the ethnic groups (black vs. white children), the black subjects had a significantly lower REE (1312 +/- 38 kcal/day) compared with the white subjects (1524 +/- 43 kcal/day) after adjusting for age, gender, weight, FFM, and fat mass. Fat-free mass and ethnic group were the only significant predictors of REE (R2 = 0.70).

CONCLUSION

Resting energy expenditure is significantly higher in this sample of white children compared with the black children after adjusting for body size and composition. Both FFM and ethnic background were significant determinants of REE in prepubertal children.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8917227

Citation

Kaplan, A S., et al. "Differences in Resting Energy Expenditure in Prepubertal Black Children and White Children." The Journal of Pediatrics, vol. 129, no. 5, 1996, pp. 643-7.
Kaplan AS, Zemel BS, Stallings VA. Differences in resting energy expenditure in prepubertal black children and white children. J Pediatr. 1996;129(5):643-7.
Kaplan, A. S., Zemel, B. S., & Stallings, V. A. (1996). Differences in resting energy expenditure in prepubertal black children and white children. The Journal of Pediatrics, 129(5), pp. 643-7.
Kaplan AS, Zemel BS, Stallings VA. Differences in Resting Energy Expenditure in Prepubertal Black Children and White Children. J Pediatr. 1996;129(5):643-7. PubMed PMID: 8917227.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Differences in resting energy expenditure in prepubertal black children and white children. AU - Kaplan,A S, AU - Zemel,B S, AU - Stallings,V A, PY - 1996/11/1/pubmed PY - 1996/11/1/medline PY - 1996/11/1/entrez SP - 643 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of pediatrics JO - J. Pediatr. VL - 129 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in resting energy expenditure (REE) of black and white prepubertal children. SUBJECTS: The study subjects were 34 prepubertal children 5 to 12 years of age and weighing 90% to 206% ideal body weight. Girls represented 59% of the study subjects; 44% were white children and 56% were black children. METHODS: Fat-free mass (FFM), fat mass, and the percentage of body fat were determined by total body electrical conductivity. Fasting REE was measured by open-circuit indirect calorimetry. RESULTS: Although weight, height, FFM, fat mass, percentage of body fat, and age were similar between the ethnic groups (black vs. white children), the black subjects had a significantly lower REE (1312 +/- 38 kcal/day) compared with the white subjects (1524 +/- 43 kcal/day) after adjusting for age, gender, weight, FFM, and fat mass. Fat-free mass and ethnic group were the only significant predictors of REE (R2 = 0.70). CONCLUSION: Resting energy expenditure is significantly higher in this sample of white children compared with the black children after adjusting for body size and composition. Both FFM and ethnic background were significant determinants of REE in prepubertal children. SN - 0022-3476 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8917227/Differences_in_resting_energy_expenditure_in_prepubertal_black_children_and_white_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0022-3476(96)70143-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -