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Alcohol, fish, fibre and antioxidant vitamins intake do not explain population differences in coronary heart disease mortality.
Int J Epidemiol. 1996 Aug; 25(4):753-9.IJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Within the Seven Countries Study data we investigated whether population differences in 25-year mortality rates from coronary heart disease could be explained by population differences in alcohol, fish, fibre and antioxidant intake.

METHODS

Baseline surveys were carried out between 1958 and 1964, on 12 763 middle-aged men constituting 16 cohorts in seven countries. In 1987 and 1988 equivalent food composites representing the average food intake of each cohort at baseline were collected locally and analysed for their fibre and antioxidant content in one central laboratory. The vital status of all participants was verified at regular intervals over 25 years.

RESULTS

Alcohol and fish intake were inversely related to 25-year mortality from coronary heart disease in univariate analyses. These associations became non-significant when the confounding effects of saturated fatty acids, flavonoids and smoking were taken into account. Fibre and antioxidant vitamins intake were not related to coronary heart disease mortality in either uni- or multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSION

These cross-cultural analyses show that alcohol, fish, fibre and antioxidant vitamins do not explain population differences in coronary heart disease mortality, independently of saturated fatty acids and flavonoids intake and cigarette smoking.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Public Health Research, National Institute of Public Health and Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8921452

Citation

Kromhout, D, et al. "Alcohol, Fish, Fibre and Antioxidant Vitamins Intake Do Not Explain Population Differences in Coronary Heart Disease Mortality." International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 25, no. 4, 1996, pp. 753-9.
Kromhout D, Bloemberg BP, Feskens EJ, et al. Alcohol, fish, fibre and antioxidant vitamins intake do not explain population differences in coronary heart disease mortality. Int J Epidemiol. 1996;25(4):753-9.
Kromhout, D., Bloemberg, B. P., Feskens, E. J., Hertog, M. G., Menotti, A., & Blackburn, H. (1996). Alcohol, fish, fibre and antioxidant vitamins intake do not explain population differences in coronary heart disease mortality. International Journal of Epidemiology, 25(4), 753-9.
Kromhout D, et al. Alcohol, Fish, Fibre and Antioxidant Vitamins Intake Do Not Explain Population Differences in Coronary Heart Disease Mortality. Int J Epidemiol. 1996;25(4):753-9. PubMed PMID: 8921452.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Alcohol, fish, fibre and antioxidant vitamins intake do not explain population differences in coronary heart disease mortality. AU - Kromhout,D, AU - Bloemberg,B P, AU - Feskens,E J, AU - Hertog,M G, AU - Menotti,A, AU - Blackburn,H, PY - 1996/8/1/pubmed PY - 1996/8/1/medline PY - 1996/8/1/entrez KW - Alcohol Drinking KW - Behavior KW - Causes Of Death KW - Comparative Studies KW - Cross-cultural Comparisons KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developed Countries KW - Diet KW - Differential Mortality KW - Diseases KW - Health KW - Heart Diseases KW - Mortality KW - Nutrition KW - Population KW - Population Dynamics KW - Research Methodology KW - Studies SP - 753 EP - 9 JF - International journal of epidemiology JO - Int J Epidemiol VL - 25 IS - 4 N2 - BACKGROUND: Within the Seven Countries Study data we investigated whether population differences in 25-year mortality rates from coronary heart disease could be explained by population differences in alcohol, fish, fibre and antioxidant intake. METHODS: Baseline surveys were carried out between 1958 and 1964, on 12 763 middle-aged men constituting 16 cohorts in seven countries. In 1987 and 1988 equivalent food composites representing the average food intake of each cohort at baseline were collected locally and analysed for their fibre and antioxidant content in one central laboratory. The vital status of all participants was verified at regular intervals over 25 years. RESULTS: Alcohol and fish intake were inversely related to 25-year mortality from coronary heart disease in univariate analyses. These associations became non-significant when the confounding effects of saturated fatty acids, flavonoids and smoking were taken into account. Fibre and antioxidant vitamins intake were not related to coronary heart disease mortality in either uni- or multivariate analysis. CONCLUSION: These cross-cultural analyses show that alcohol, fish, fibre and antioxidant vitamins do not explain population differences in coronary heart disease mortality, independently of saturated fatty acids and flavonoids intake and cigarette smoking. SN - 0300-5771 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8921452/Alcohol_fish_fibre_and_antioxidant_vitamins_intake_do_not_explain_population_differences_in_coronary_heart_disease_mortality_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ije/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ije/25.4.753 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -