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Detailed analysis of menstrual bleeding patterns after postmenstrual and postabortal insertion of a copper IUD or a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system.
Contraception. 1996 Oct; 54(4):201-8.C

Abstract

Detailed information on the menstrual bleeding patterns in users of copper-releasing intrauterine devices (IUDs) and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems (IUSs) is lacking. Even less is known about the menstrual bleeding patterns associated with postabortal insertion of IUDs. We postulated that the scarcity of IUD studies including detailed analysis of bleeding could be a result of the lack of an easy-to-use computer program designed for this purpose. We therefore developed a set of graphical user interface (Windows) programs for entering, editing, and analyzing menstrual diary data. With these programs, we reanalyzed the menstrual diaries of the subjects of one of the hospital clinics that participated in a previous multicenter study comparing copper IUDs and LNg IUSs. The group included patients who had the IUD inserted postabortally. Copper IUD users had patterns of bleeding that were stable over time, and clearly more bleeding than LNg IUS users, many of whom had either infrequent bleeding, bleeding completely replaced by regularly occurring spotting, or amenorrhea. Postabortal insertion of LNg IUSs was associated with slightly better patterns of bleeding than postmenstrual insertion. Detailed statistics on bleeding help clinicians in counseling patients regarding these methods. The statistics permit assumptions to be made about the probabilities of specific menstrual disturbances and their changes over time.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Steroid Research Laboratory, University of Helsinki, Finland.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8922872

Citation

Suvisaari, J, and P Lähteenmäki. "Detailed Analysis of Menstrual Bleeding Patterns After Postmenstrual and Postabortal Insertion of a Copper IUD or a Levonorgestrel-releasing Intrauterine System." Contraception, vol. 54, no. 4, 1996, pp. 201-8.
Suvisaari J, Lähteenmäki P. Detailed analysis of menstrual bleeding patterns after postmenstrual and postabortal insertion of a copper IUD or a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system. Contraception. 1996;54(4):201-8.
Suvisaari, J., & Lähteenmäki, P. (1996). Detailed analysis of menstrual bleeding patterns after postmenstrual and postabortal insertion of a copper IUD or a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system. Contraception, 54(4), 201-8.
Suvisaari J, Lähteenmäki P. Detailed Analysis of Menstrual Bleeding Patterns After Postmenstrual and Postabortal Insertion of a Copper IUD or a Levonorgestrel-releasing Intrauterine System. Contraception. 1996;54(4):201-8. PubMed PMID: 8922872.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Detailed analysis of menstrual bleeding patterns after postmenstrual and postabortal insertion of a copper IUD or a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system. AU - Suvisaari,J, AU - Lähteenmäki,P, PY - 1996/10/1/pubmed PY - 1996/10/1/medline PY - 1996/10/1/entrez KW - Comparative Studies KW - Computer Programs And Programming KW - Contraception KW - Contraceptive Agents KW - Contraceptive Agents, Female KW - Contraceptive Agents, Progestin KW - Contraceptive Methods KW - Developed Countries KW - Europe KW - Family Planning KW - Finland KW - Information KW - Information Processing KW - Iud KW - Iud, Copper Releasing KW - Iud, Hormone Releasing KW - Levonorgestrel KW - Menstrual Cycle KW - Menstruation KW - Northern Europe KW - Reproduction KW - Research Methodology KW - Research Report KW - Scandinavia KW - Studies SP - 201 EP - 8 JF - Contraception JO - Contraception VL - 54 IS - 4 N2 - Detailed information on the menstrual bleeding patterns in users of copper-releasing intrauterine devices (IUDs) and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine systems (IUSs) is lacking. Even less is known about the menstrual bleeding patterns associated with postabortal insertion of IUDs. We postulated that the scarcity of IUD studies including detailed analysis of bleeding could be a result of the lack of an easy-to-use computer program designed for this purpose. We therefore developed a set of graphical user interface (Windows) programs for entering, editing, and analyzing menstrual diary data. With these programs, we reanalyzed the menstrual diaries of the subjects of one of the hospital clinics that participated in a previous multicenter study comparing copper IUDs and LNg IUSs. The group included patients who had the IUD inserted postabortally. Copper IUD users had patterns of bleeding that were stable over time, and clearly more bleeding than LNg IUS users, many of whom had either infrequent bleeding, bleeding completely replaced by regularly occurring spotting, or amenorrhea. Postabortal insertion of LNg IUSs was associated with slightly better patterns of bleeding than postmenstrual insertion. Detailed statistics on bleeding help clinicians in counseling patients regarding these methods. The statistics permit assumptions to be made about the probabilities of specific menstrual disturbances and their changes over time. SN - 0010-7824 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8922872/Detailed_analysis_of_menstrual_bleeding_patterns_after_postmenstrual_and_postabortal_insertion_of_a_copper_IUD_or_a_levonorgestrel_releasing_intrauterine_system_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0010782496001898 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -