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Effects of the new class I antiarrhythmic agent Ro 22-9194, (2R)-2-amino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N-[3-(3-pyridyl)propyl]propionamide D-tartrate, on ischemia- and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in dogs: involvement of thromboxane A2 synthase inhibitory activity.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1996 Nov; 279(2):877-83.JP

Abstract

We investigated the effects of (2R)-2-amino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N-[3-(3-pyridyl)propyl]propionamide D-tartrate (Ro 22-9194), a novel class I antiarrhythmic agent, on myocardial ischemia- and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in dogs. The incidence of ventricular fibrillation induced by reperfusion after a 30-min coronary ligation was significantly reduced by an i.v. infusion of Ro 22-9194 (10 mg/kg for 5 min before and an additional 20 mg/kg for 30 min during coronary ligation: total, 30 mg/kg) from 73% in the vehicle-treated group to 13%. Ro 22-9194 (20 and 30 mg/kg) also dose-dependently reduced the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias, including ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation, after coronary reperfusion. Other class I antiarrhythmic agents, mexiletine (15 mg/kg) and disopyramide (7.5 mg/kg), did not inhibit the development of ventricular fibrillation. In in vitro studies, Ro 22-9194, but neither mexiletine nor disopyramide (approximately 10(-3) M), inhibited thromboxane A2 synthase and arachidonic acid-induced aggregation of human platelets (IC50: 1.2 x 10(-5) M and 3.4 x 10(-5) M, respectively). Furthermore, Ro 22-9194 (30 mg/kg) attenuated the increase in venous thromboxane B2 concentrations in the local coronary vein during coronary ligation in dogs. A thromboxane A2 synthase inhibitor, OKY-046 (2.5 mg/kg administered for 5 min before coronary ligation) also showed no evident increases in thromboxane B2 concentrations as well as an antifibrillatory effect. Venous 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha concentrations were not affected by either Ro 22-9194 or OKY-046. These results demonstrate that, unlike mexiletine and disopyramide, Ro 22-9194 protects against reperfusion-induced fatal ventricular arrhythmias in dogs. They also suggest that, in addition to the class I antiarrhythmic effect, the thromboxane A2 synthase inhibitory activity may contribute to the antiarrhythmic properties of Ro 22-9194.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Pharmacological Laboratories, Kissei Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Nagano, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8930195

Citation

Murakami, M, et al. "Effects of the New Class I Antiarrhythmic Agent Ro 22-9194, (2R)-2-amino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N-[3-(3-pyridyl)propyl]propionamide D-tartrate, On Ischemia- and Reperfusion-induced Arrhythmias in Dogs: Involvement of Thromboxane A2 Synthase Inhibitory Activity." The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, vol. 279, no. 2, 1996, pp. 877-83.
Murakami M, Kinukawa M, Kanazawa T, et al. Effects of the new class I antiarrhythmic agent Ro 22-9194, (2R)-2-amino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N-[3-(3-pyridyl)propyl]propionamide D-tartrate, on ischemia- and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in dogs: involvement of thromboxane A2 synthase inhibitory activity. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1996;279(2):877-83.
Murakami, M., Kinukawa, M., Kanazawa, T., Maruyama, K., Miyagi, M., Miyata, H., & Ujiie, A. (1996). Effects of the new class I antiarrhythmic agent Ro 22-9194, (2R)-2-amino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N-[3-(3-pyridyl)propyl]propionamide D-tartrate, on ischemia- and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in dogs: involvement of thromboxane A2 synthase inhibitory activity. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 279(2), 877-83.
Murakami M, et al. Effects of the New Class I Antiarrhythmic Agent Ro 22-9194, (2R)-2-amino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N-[3-(3-pyridyl)propyl]propionamide D-tartrate, On Ischemia- and Reperfusion-induced Arrhythmias in Dogs: Involvement of Thromboxane A2 Synthase Inhibitory Activity. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1996;279(2):877-83. PubMed PMID: 8930195.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of the new class I antiarrhythmic agent Ro 22-9194, (2R)-2-amino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N-[3-(3-pyridyl)propyl]propionamide D-tartrate, on ischemia- and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in dogs: involvement of thromboxane A2 synthase inhibitory activity. AU - Murakami,M, AU - Kinukawa,M, AU - Kanazawa,T, AU - Maruyama,K, AU - Miyagi,M, AU - Miyata,H, AU - Ujiie,A, PY - 1996/11/1/pubmed PY - 1996/11/1/medline PY - 1996/11/1/entrez SP - 877 EP - 83 JF - The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics JO - J Pharmacol Exp Ther VL - 279 IS - 2 N2 - We investigated the effects of (2R)-2-amino-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)-N-[3-(3-pyridyl)propyl]propionamide D-tartrate (Ro 22-9194), a novel class I antiarrhythmic agent, on myocardial ischemia- and reperfusion-induced arrhythmias in dogs. The incidence of ventricular fibrillation induced by reperfusion after a 30-min coronary ligation was significantly reduced by an i.v. infusion of Ro 22-9194 (10 mg/kg for 5 min before and an additional 20 mg/kg for 30 min during coronary ligation: total, 30 mg/kg) from 73% in the vehicle-treated group to 13%. Ro 22-9194 (20 and 30 mg/kg) also dose-dependently reduced the incidence of ventricular arrhythmias, including ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation, after coronary reperfusion. Other class I antiarrhythmic agents, mexiletine (15 mg/kg) and disopyramide (7.5 mg/kg), did not inhibit the development of ventricular fibrillation. In in vitro studies, Ro 22-9194, but neither mexiletine nor disopyramide (approximately 10(-3) M), inhibited thromboxane A2 synthase and arachidonic acid-induced aggregation of human platelets (IC50: 1.2 x 10(-5) M and 3.4 x 10(-5) M, respectively). Furthermore, Ro 22-9194 (30 mg/kg) attenuated the increase in venous thromboxane B2 concentrations in the local coronary vein during coronary ligation in dogs. A thromboxane A2 synthase inhibitor, OKY-046 (2.5 mg/kg administered for 5 min before coronary ligation) also showed no evident increases in thromboxane B2 concentrations as well as an antifibrillatory effect. Venous 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha concentrations were not affected by either Ro 22-9194 or OKY-046. These results demonstrate that, unlike mexiletine and disopyramide, Ro 22-9194 protects against reperfusion-induced fatal ventricular arrhythmias in dogs. They also suggest that, in addition to the class I antiarrhythmic effect, the thromboxane A2 synthase inhibitory activity may contribute to the antiarrhythmic properties of Ro 22-9194. SN - 0022-3565 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8930195/Effects_of_the_new_class_I_antiarrhythmic_agent_Ro_22_9194__2R__2_amino_N__26_dimethylphenyl__N_[3__3_pyridyl_propyl]propionamide_D_tartrate_on_ischemia__and_reperfusion_induced_arrhythmias_in_dogs:_involvement_of_thromboxane_A2_synthase_inhibitory_activity_ L2 - https://jpet.aspetjournals.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=8930195 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -