Plasma lipid oxidation and susceptibility of low-density lipoproteins to oxidation in male patients with stable coronary artery disease.Clin Biochem. 1996 Dec; 29(6):573-9.CB
Oxidative modifications of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) are considered to be important in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. However, the data on the association between LDL oxidation and severity of clinical manifestations of coronary artery disease (CAD) are contradictory. Previous reports were concerned mostly with unstable angina patients. The present study was undertaken to evaluate plasma lipid oxidation status in patients with stable CAD.
DESIGN AND METHODS
37 male patients with angiographically confirmed CAD (asymptomatic or suffering from stable angina pectoris) and 32 control subjects were used in the study. Plasma levels of vitamin E and products of lipid peroxidation, as well as parameters of the test for oxidizability of LDL in vitro were measured.
We did not find differences between 2 groups of individuals regarding the levels of products of lipid peroxidation, vitamin E levels, lag time, maximal rate of oxidation, and total amount of conjugated dienes in the test for oxidizability of LDL.
The results of our study challenge, but do not disprove, the oxidative hypothesis of atherosclerosis. Real atherosclerotic modifications of plasma LDL occur apparently in the vascular wall after trapping of LDL by the interstitial matrix. The rise in oxidative parameters in unstable angina reported in the literature may not be the cause of the disease but, rather, the consequence of the multiple brief episodes of ischemia-reperfusion.