Alanyl-glutamine-supplemented total parenteral nutrition improves survival and protein metabolism in rat protracted bacterial peritonitis model.JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 1996 Nov-Dec; 20(6):417-23.JJ
The effects of glutamine-enriched total parenteral nutrition (TPN) solution on survival, and protein turnover in the whole body and in individual organs were investigated in a rat protracted peritonitis model.
Twenty-three rats underwent venous catheter insertion. Osmotic pumps were implanted in the peritoneal cavity to allow continuous delivery of Escherichia coli (4 x 10(8) CFU/d). The conventional TPN group received a conventional amino acid solution. The Ala-Gln TPN group received an alanyl-glutamine-enriched TPN solution. The two TPN solutions were isocaloric and isonitrogenous.
Over the 5 days of TPN treatment, the survival rate of the Ala-Gln group was significantly higher than that of the conventional group. The Ala-Gln group tended to have increased whole-body protein turnover compared with the conventional group. Fractional protein synthetic rates (FSR) in the liver and gastrocnemius muscle of the Ala-Gln group were significantly higher than those of the conventional group. The serum glutamine concentration correlated positively with the FSR of both liver and muscle. The Ala-Gln group showed significantly greater mucosal height and mitoses per crypt, in the small intestine, than did the conventional group.
Our results suggested that, in comparison with standard glutamine-free TPN, Ala-Gln-supplemented TPN increases protein synthesis in the liver and skeletal muscle, protects the morphology of the intestinal mucosa, and improves survival in protracted bacterial peritonitis. Ala-Gln supplementation may be useful in septic patients.