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Restraint, dieting, and the continuum model of bulimia nervosa.
J Abnorm Psychol. 1996 Nov; 105(4):508-17.JA

Abstract

The authors evaluated the continuity model of bulimia nervosa, which suggests that bulimia results from extreme weight concern and dieting practices. Individuals with bulimia, current dieters, restrained nondieters, and unrestrained nondieters were compared on measures of general psychopathology, eating-disorder-specific psychopathology, and overeating. Multiple methods, including questionnaires, clinical interviews, and food records, were used to collect data. The continuity and discontinuity models were tested with trend and regression analyses. The results of most analyses were consistent with the continuity perspective. However, binge eating behaviour exhibited a clear nonlinear trend, which occurred because binge eating was common in bulimic individuals but virtually non-existent in the other 3 groups. Current dieters scored higher than restrained nondieters on restraint/ weight concern, but not on psychopathology or binge eating. Overall, the results suggest that "normal" dieting is associated with psychological, but not consummatory, symptoms of bulimia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Allegheny University of the Health Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19102, USA. lowem@hal.allegheny.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8952184

Citation

Lowe, M R., et al. "Restraint, Dieting, and the Continuum Model of Bulimia Nervosa." Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 105, no. 4, 1996, pp. 508-17.
Lowe MR, Gleaves DH, DiSimone-Weiss RT, et al. Restraint, dieting, and the continuum model of bulimia nervosa. J Abnorm Psychol. 1996;105(4):508-17.
Lowe, M. R., Gleaves, D. H., DiSimone-Weiss, R. T., Furgueson, C., Gayda, C. A., Kolsky, P. A., Neal-Walden, T., Nelsen, L. A., & McKinney, S. (1996). Restraint, dieting, and the continuum model of bulimia nervosa. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 105(4), 508-17.
Lowe MR, et al. Restraint, Dieting, and the Continuum Model of Bulimia Nervosa. J Abnorm Psychol. 1996;105(4):508-17. PubMed PMID: 8952184.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Restraint, dieting, and the continuum model of bulimia nervosa. AU - Lowe,M R, AU - Gleaves,D H, AU - DiSimone-Weiss,R T, AU - Furgueson,C, AU - Gayda,C A, AU - Kolsky,P A, AU - Neal-Walden,T, AU - Nelsen,L A, AU - McKinney,S, PY - 1996/11/1/pubmed PY - 1996/11/1/medline PY - 1996/11/1/entrez SP - 508 EP - 17 JF - Journal of abnormal psychology JO - J Abnorm Psychol VL - 105 IS - 4 N2 - The authors evaluated the continuity model of bulimia nervosa, which suggests that bulimia results from extreme weight concern and dieting practices. Individuals with bulimia, current dieters, restrained nondieters, and unrestrained nondieters were compared on measures of general psychopathology, eating-disorder-specific psychopathology, and overeating. Multiple methods, including questionnaires, clinical interviews, and food records, were used to collect data. The continuity and discontinuity models were tested with trend and regression analyses. The results of most analyses were consistent with the continuity perspective. However, binge eating behaviour exhibited a clear nonlinear trend, which occurred because binge eating was common in bulimic individuals but virtually non-existent in the other 3 groups. Current dieters scored higher than restrained nondieters on restraint/ weight concern, but not on psychopathology or binge eating. Overall, the results suggest that "normal" dieting is associated with psychological, but not consummatory, symptoms of bulimia. SN - 0021-843X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8952184/Restraint_dieting_and_the_continuum_model_of_bulimia_nervosa_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/abn/105/4/508 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -