[Quality assurance and continuous quality improvement--assessment of the current status of physician self-control for quality assurance in medicine 1955-1995].Gesundheitswesen. 1996 Jul; 58(7):360-71.G
In April 1996 the working group of the leading statutory health service officials (Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Leitenden Medizinalbeamten der Länder [AGLMB]) organised a hearing in the course of which the German Medical Association and the National Association of CHI Physicians presented a joint stocktaking of their activities in the discipline of quality assurance during 1955 to 1995. On the basis of this analysis 10 theses have been evolved to develop quality assurance in Germany: (1) quality assurance and quality improvement are in the interest of the medical care of patients. (2) The main task of quality assurance and quality improvement is not the improvement of efficiency. (3) Quality assurance schemes must be problem-orientated and coordinated; there must not be a difference in the quality of out-patient and in-patient medical care. (4) There has to be a systematic evaluation of the suitability of quality assurance schemes. (5) Transparency, communication and cooperation are preconditions for a successful quality assurance and quality improvement. (6) Continuous quality improvement is based on an extensive internal quality assurance. (7) The initiative for the priority development of internal quality assurance procedures must come from external quality assurance. (8) Quality assurance has only a chance of being realised if the individual is convinced and anxious to provide high-quality services, to continuously review and improve his services and to compare them with other services. (9) Quality has its price. (10) Quality assurance and continuous quality improvement are the cornerstones of a quality policy in the health care system. The article concludes with extracts from the checkup and the relevant literature.