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Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--People's Republic of China, 1990-1996.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 1996; 45(49):1076-9MM

Abstract

In 1988, the Western Pacific Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) adopted a resolution to eradicate poliomyelitis from the region by the end of 1995. The People's Republic of China has made rapid progress toward this goal by implementing the four WHO-recommended strategies for polio eradication: 1) achieving and maintaining high routine vaccination coverage levels among children aged < 1 year with at least three doses of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV); 2) administering supplementary doses of OPV to all young children during National Immunization Days (NIDs) to rapidly interrupt poliovirus transmission; 3) establishing sensitive systems of surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) and virologic surveillance for poliovirus; and 4) conducting "supplementary immunization activities" (SIAs)--localized campaigns targeted at high-risk areas where poliovirus transmission is most likely to persist at low levels. These strategies have resulted in the apparent interruption of wild poliovirus transmission in China. In 1995, no indigenous wild polioviruses were deteced despite a strengthened surveillance system. This report describes progress toward achievement of the eradication goal and updates the status of polio-eradication efforts in China during 1990-1996.

Authors

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8975121

Citation

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). "Progress Toward Poliomyelitis eradication--People's Republic of China, 1990-1996." MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol. 45, no. 49, 1996, pp. 1076-9.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--People's Republic of China, 1990-1996. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1996;45(49):1076-9.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (1996). Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--People's Republic of China, 1990-1996. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 45(49), pp. 1076-9.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Progress Toward Poliomyelitis eradication--People's Republic of China, 1990-1996. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1996 Dec 13;45(49):1076-9. PubMed PMID: 8975121.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--People's Republic of China, 1990-1996. A1 - ,, PY - 1996/12/13/pubmed PY - 1996/12/13/medline PY - 1996/12/13/entrez SP - 1076 EP - 9 JF - MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report JO - MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep. VL - 45 IS - 49 N2 - In 1988, the Western Pacific Region of the World Health Organization (WHO) adopted a resolution to eradicate poliomyelitis from the region by the end of 1995. The People's Republic of China has made rapid progress toward this goal by implementing the four WHO-recommended strategies for polio eradication: 1) achieving and maintaining high routine vaccination coverage levels among children aged < 1 year with at least three doses of oral poliovirus vaccine (OPV); 2) administering supplementary doses of OPV to all young children during National Immunization Days (NIDs) to rapidly interrupt poliovirus transmission; 3) establishing sensitive systems of surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) and virologic surveillance for poliovirus; and 4) conducting "supplementary immunization activities" (SIAs)--localized campaigns targeted at high-risk areas where poliovirus transmission is most likely to persist at low levels. These strategies have resulted in the apparent interruption of wild poliovirus transmission in China. In 1995, no indigenous wild polioviruses were deteced despite a strengthened surveillance system. This report describes progress toward achievement of the eradication goal and updates the status of polio-eradication efforts in China during 1990-1996. SN - 0149-2195 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8975121/Progress_toward_poliomyelitis_eradication__People's_Republic_of_China_1990_1996_ L2 - http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00044717.htm DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -