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Attitude and peer cross pressure: adolescent drug and alcohol use.
J Drug Educ. 1996; 26(1):69-99.JD

Abstract

This research uses the concept of cross pressures, a concept created to explain political behavior, to predict the frequency of adolescent alcohol, cigarette, and drug use. Using a population of eighth, tenth, and twelfth graders from 207 Michigan public school districts, respondents reported their frequency of alcohol, cigarette, and drug use for thirty days and one year prior to the survey. They also reported their perception of friends' approval/disapproval of substance use, peer pressure to use, and their assessment of risk of use. Cross pressure patterns are created from these three variables and used to predict frequency of substance use. In addition to descriptive data and associations between independent and dependent variables, the findings show the patterns and extent of cross pressures to be highly predictive of frequency of substance use. The implications for understanding adolescent substance use and for educational programs are noted.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Sociology, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo 49008-5189, USA.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

8991971

Citation

Robin, S S., and E O. Johnson. "Attitude and Peer Cross Pressure: Adolescent Drug and Alcohol Use." Journal of Drug Education, vol. 26, no. 1, 1996, pp. 69-99.
Robin SS, Johnson EO. Attitude and peer cross pressure: adolescent drug and alcohol use. J Drug Educ. 1996;26(1):69-99.
Robin, S. S., & Johnson, E. O. (1996). Attitude and peer cross pressure: adolescent drug and alcohol use. Journal of Drug Education, 26(1), 69-99.
Robin SS, Johnson EO. Attitude and Peer Cross Pressure: Adolescent Drug and Alcohol Use. J Drug Educ. 1996;26(1):69-99. PubMed PMID: 8991971.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Attitude and peer cross pressure: adolescent drug and alcohol use. AU - Robin,S S, AU - Johnson,E O, PY - 1996/1/1/pubmed PY - 1996/1/1/medline PY - 1996/1/1/entrez SP - 69 EP - 99 JF - Journal of drug education JO - J Drug Educ VL - 26 IS - 1 N2 - This research uses the concept of cross pressures, a concept created to explain political behavior, to predict the frequency of adolescent alcohol, cigarette, and drug use. Using a population of eighth, tenth, and twelfth graders from 207 Michigan public school districts, respondents reported their frequency of alcohol, cigarette, and drug use for thirty days and one year prior to the survey. They also reported their perception of friends' approval/disapproval of substance use, peer pressure to use, and their assessment of risk of use. Cross pressure patterns are created from these three variables and used to predict frequency of substance use. In addition to descriptive data and associations between independent and dependent variables, the findings show the patterns and extent of cross pressures to be highly predictive of frequency of substance use. The implications for understanding adolescent substance use and for educational programs are noted. SN - 0047-2379 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/8991971/Attitude_and_peer_cross_pressure:_adolescent_drug_and_alcohol_use_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.2190/W8QF-V3KF-N9C3-86UE?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -