Prenatal diagnosis of terminal deletion 7q and partial trisomy 3p in fetuses with holoprosencephaly.Clin Genet. 1996 Nov; 50(5):321-6.CG
Chromosome aberrations, mendelian mutations and exogenous agents can cause holoprosencephaly. Therefore, etiologic evaluation of holoprosencephaly is necessary for obstetricians and genetic counselors, once a prenatal diagnosis of holoprosencephaly has been made. We present four pregnancies in three women in which routine sonographic examinations led to the prenatal diagnosis of holoprosencephaly. Prenatal cytogenetic analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization demonstrated a 46,XY,del(7)(pter-->q32:) and a 46,XY,der(2)t(2;3)(q37;p21)pat karyotype respectively in two fetuses with cyclopia, and a 46,XX,der(2)t(2;3)(q37;p21)pat and a 46,XX,der(7)t(3;7)(p23;q36) karyotype respectively in two fetuses with premaxillary agenesis. In conclusion, terminal deletion 7q and partial trisomy 3p in holoprosencephalic fetuses indicates that genes contributing to craniofacial development reside in these critical regions. Proper prognostic evaluation in further pregnancies requires expertise in cytogenetics and genetic counseling.