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Nutrient intakes and impact of fortified breakfast cereals in schoolchildren.
Arch Dis Child. 1996 Dec; 75(6):474-81.AD

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To report micronutrient intakes in Northern Ireland schoolchildren, and to establish the contribution of fortified breakfast cereal to overall nutrient intakes and achievement of current dietary recommendations.

DESIGN

Analysis of dietary intakes and physical characteristics of participants in a randomly selected 2% population sample of 1015 schoolchildren aged 12 and 15 years in Northern Ireland during the 1990/1 school year.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Dietary intakes, physical characteristics, and their association with consumption of fortified breakfast cereal.

RESULTS

Mean micronutrient intakes were generally adequate with the exception of low intakes of folate (boys and girls) and iron (girls). Fortified breakfast cereals, consumed by a high proportion (94% boys; 83% girls) of the sample, were associated with higher daily intakes of most micronutrients and fibre and with a macronutrient profile consistent with current nutritional recommendations. Appreciable proportions of subjects who did not consume fortified breakfast cereals had daily intakes that fell below the lower reference nutrient intake for riboflavin, niacin, folate, vitamin B-12, and iron (girls).

CONCLUSIONS

The results demonstrate the potential of fortification in contributing to micronutrient intakes of schoolchildren, particularly where requirements are high, or for those on marginal diets of low nutritional quality.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Human Nutrition Research Group, University of Ulster at Coleraine.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9014598

Citation

McNulty, H, et al. "Nutrient Intakes and Impact of Fortified Breakfast Cereals in Schoolchildren." Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 75, no. 6, 1996, pp. 474-81.
McNulty H, Eaton-Evans J, Cran G, et al. Nutrient intakes and impact of fortified breakfast cereals in schoolchildren. Arch Dis Child. 1996;75(6):474-81.
McNulty, H., Eaton-Evans, J., Cran, G., Woulahan, G., Boreham, C., Savage, J. M., Fletcher, R., & Strain, J. J. (1996). Nutrient intakes and impact of fortified breakfast cereals in schoolchildren. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 75(6), 474-81.
McNulty H, et al. Nutrient Intakes and Impact of Fortified Breakfast Cereals in Schoolchildren. Arch Dis Child. 1996;75(6):474-81. PubMed PMID: 9014598.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrient intakes and impact of fortified breakfast cereals in schoolchildren. AU - McNulty,H, AU - Eaton-Evans,J, AU - Cran,G, AU - Woulahan,G, AU - Boreham,C, AU - Savage,J M, AU - Fletcher,R, AU - Strain,J J, PY - 1996/12/1/pubmed PY - 1996/12/1/medline PY - 1996/12/1/entrez SP - 474 EP - 81 JF - Archives of disease in childhood JO - Arch Dis Child VL - 75 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To report micronutrient intakes in Northern Ireland schoolchildren, and to establish the contribution of fortified breakfast cereal to overall nutrient intakes and achievement of current dietary recommendations. DESIGN: Analysis of dietary intakes and physical characteristics of participants in a randomly selected 2% population sample of 1015 schoolchildren aged 12 and 15 years in Northern Ireland during the 1990/1 school year. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dietary intakes, physical characteristics, and their association with consumption of fortified breakfast cereal. RESULTS: Mean micronutrient intakes were generally adequate with the exception of low intakes of folate (boys and girls) and iron (girls). Fortified breakfast cereals, consumed by a high proportion (94% boys; 83% girls) of the sample, were associated with higher daily intakes of most micronutrients and fibre and with a macronutrient profile consistent with current nutritional recommendations. Appreciable proportions of subjects who did not consume fortified breakfast cereals had daily intakes that fell below the lower reference nutrient intake for riboflavin, niacin, folate, vitamin B-12, and iron (girls). CONCLUSIONS: The results demonstrate the potential of fortification in contributing to micronutrient intakes of schoolchildren, particularly where requirements are high, or for those on marginal diets of low nutritional quality. SN - 1468-2044 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9014598/Nutrient_intakes_and_impact_of_fortified_breakfast_cereals_in_schoolchildren_ L2 - http://ovidsp.ovid.com/ovidweb.cgi?T=JS&PAGE=linkout&SEARCH=9014598.ui DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -