Prolactin and testosterone regulation of mitochondrial zinc in prostate epithelial cells.Prostate. 1997 Jan 01; 30(1):26-32.P
The prostate gland of many animals accumulates extremely high levels of zinc and citrate. Evidence currently exists in support of a concept that zinc might be an important regulator of m-aconitase and citrate oxidation of prostate epithelial cells. No information concerning the mitochondrial levels of zinc has been available. The roles of testosterone and prolactin in the regulation of zinc have not been established. In this report, we determined the levels of tissue and mitochondrial zinc of rat lateral prostate (LP), ventral prostate (VP), dorsal prostate (DP), liver, and kidney. The results demonstrate that the mitochondrial zinc levels of the prostate cells were higher than levels of nonprostatic cells. The LP contained severalfold higher zinc levels than DP and VP. The effects of testosterone and prolactin in vivo and in vitro on the zinc levels were also determined. Both hormones significantly increased cellular and mitochondrial zinc levels of LP cells; decreased the zinc levels of VP cells; and had no effect on the zinc levels of DP, liver, or kidney cells. These effects are direct and physiological effects of the hormones on the targeted prostate epithelial cells. The hormonal effects on mitochondrial zinc of LP and VP epithelial cells correlate perfectly with their effects on citrate oxidation. The results support the concept that mitochondrial zinc is an inhibitor of m-aconitase and citrate oxidation; and that prolactin and testosterone regulation of mitochondrial zinc provides a mechanism for their regulation of citrate oxidation in citrate-producing prostate epithelial cells.