[Patterns in the spread of the vertical blood reflux in the musculo-venous "pump" of the foot in varicose disease].Vestn Khir Im I I Grek. 1995; 154(4-6):34-7.VK
An analysis of the complex clinical and phlebographic examination of 84 patients with the varicose disease was made. Eight variants of the state of the valve apparatus of profound veins of the foot were established. Main regular features of spread of the retrograde blood flow the profound veins along insufficient perforating to the superficial veins were determined. A classification of incompetence of the valve apparatus of the profound veins of the foot was developed which allows the choice of surgical procedures depending on the injury degree.