Analysis of 4-1BBL and laminin binding to murine 4-1BB, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, and comparison with human 4-1BB.J Biol Chem. 1997 Mar 07; 272(10):6448-56.JB
The T cell activation antigen 4-1BB (CDw137) is a distantly related member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family of cell surface receptors. We previously reported that murine 4-1BB (m4-1BB) bound to extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. Recently, a tumor necrosis factor-like ligand of m4-1BB, m4-1BBL, as well as the human counterparts of 4-1BB (ILA) and 4-1BBL (h4-1BB and h4-1BBL, respectively) have been cloned. No information is currently available on how binding of m4-1BB to ECM proteins affects its binding to m4-1BBL and vice versa and if the ability of m4-1BB to bind ECM proteins is conserved across species. We report that binding of m4-1BBL to m4-1BB blocked its ability to bind laminin (LN), while binding of m4-1BB to LN did not block its ability to bind m4-1BBL. Furthermore, binding of m4-1BBL to the m4-1BB.LN complex did not displace LN. These findings suggest the two ligands bind to proximal but distinct sites on m4-1BB. This is supported by the observation that six of eight anti-m4-1BB monoclonal antibodies blocked the interaction between 4-1BB and 4-1BBL, while seven blocked LN binding. Ligand and monoclonal antibody binding studies with a truncated protein lacking the amino-terminal LN-homologous domain of m4-1BB demonstrated that regions downstream of the LN-homologous domain participate in LN binding and that the intact protein is required for m4-1BBL binding. Studies with h4-1BB showed that h4-1BB only bound h4-1BBL, indicating that the ECM binding activity of 4-1BB is not conserved across species. This finding allowed the construction of murine/human 4-1BB chimeras, which permitted further dissection of the regions of 4-1BB involved in LN and 4-1BBL binding and suggests that sequence differences in the LN-homologous domain of h4-1BB in part account for the inability of h4-1BB to bind ECM proteins.