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Characterization of the contraction to 5-HT in the canine colon longitudinal muscle.
Br J Pharmacol. 1997 Feb; 120(4):714-20.BJ

Abstract

1. Although conscious dogs have often been used for colonic motility studies with 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), the effects of 5-HT on the isolated colon have not been thoroughly characterized yet. The current study was undertaken to characterize the response to 5-HT of the canine isolated colon longitudinal muscle. 2. Longitudinal strips of canine midcolon deprived of (sub)mucosa were prepared for isotonic measurement. 5-HT induced contractions from 3 nM onwards, which were not affected by selective inhibition of 5-HT re-uptake, monoamine oxidase or blockade of alpha-adrenoceptors. Tetrodotoxin (0.3 microM) did not affect the responses to 5-HT, suggesting that smooth muscle 5-HT receptors are involved. The selective 5-HT4 receptor antagonist SB 204070 (10 nM) slightly enhanced contractions to 5-HT and therefore it was included in the organ bath solution in all further experiments. The 5-HT1 and 5-HT2 receptor antagonist methysergide (0.1 microM) depressed the curve to 5-HT, but the selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist granisetron (0.3 microM) had no effect. 3. Besides 5-HT, alpha-methyl-5-HT (alpha-Me-5-HT), 5-methoxytryptamine (5-MeOT), 2-methyl-5-HT (2-Me-5-HT) and 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT) also induced contractions, with the following rank order of potency (pEC50 values in parentheses): 5-HT (6.9) = alpha-methyl-5-HT (6.9) > 2-Me-5-HT (5.8) = 5-MeOT (5.7) = 5-CT (5.6), indicative of 5-HT2 receptor involvement, alpha-Me-5-HT produced a bell-shaped curve, which was not affected by alpha-adrenoceptor blockade. 5-HT, 5-MeOT, 2-Me-5-HT and 5-CT produced a monophasic concentration-response curve, consistent with an interaction with a single receptor site. 8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) and tryptamine only induced contractions at a concentration exceeding 1 microM. 4. The selective 5-HT2B receptor antagonist SB 204741 (0.3 microM) did not affect the curve to 5-HT. Ketanserin, cisapride and spiroxatrine behaved as competitive antagonists with pKb values of, respectively, 8.4, 8.1 and 6.7. Spiroxatrine (1 microM) shifted the curve to 5-MeOT rightward yielding an apparent pA2 of 7.1. Other antagonists at 5-HT2A receptors also surmountably inhibited the contractions to 5-HT (apparent pA2 value in parentheses): mesulergine (8.2), cinanserin (8.2), yohimbine (6.2) and mianserin (8.6). However, as well as a rightward shift, methiothepin (8.3), pizotifen (8.6) and spiperone (8.8) also caused a depression of the curve, indicative of "pseudo-irreversible' antagonism. Taken together, the above mentioned affinity estimates most closely corresponded to literature affinity values for 5-HT2A receptors. 5. It was concluded that 5-HT induces contractions of the canine midcolon longitudinal muscle primarily by stimulation of smooth muscle 5-HT2A receptors. The presence of inhibitory 5-HT4 receptors cannot be ruled out.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology, Janssen Research Foundation, Beerse, Belgium.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9051313

Citation

Prins, N H., et al. "Characterization of the Contraction to 5-HT in the Canine Colon Longitudinal Muscle." British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 120, no. 4, 1997, pp. 714-20.
Prins NH, Briejer MR, Schuurkes JA. Characterization of the contraction to 5-HT in the canine colon longitudinal muscle. Br J Pharmacol. 1997;120(4):714-20.
Prins, N. H., Briejer, M. R., & Schuurkes, J. A. (1997). Characterization of the contraction to 5-HT in the canine colon longitudinal muscle. British Journal of Pharmacology, 120(4), 714-20.
Prins NH, Briejer MR, Schuurkes JA. Characterization of the Contraction to 5-HT in the Canine Colon Longitudinal Muscle. Br J Pharmacol. 1997;120(4):714-20. PubMed PMID: 9051313.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characterization of the contraction to 5-HT in the canine colon longitudinal muscle. AU - Prins,N H, AU - Briejer,M R, AU - Schuurkes,J A, PY - 1997/2/1/pubmed PY - 1997/2/1/medline PY - 1997/2/1/entrez SP - 714 EP - 20 JF - British journal of pharmacology JO - Br J Pharmacol VL - 120 IS - 4 N2 - 1. Although conscious dogs have often been used for colonic motility studies with 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), the effects of 5-HT on the isolated colon have not been thoroughly characterized yet. The current study was undertaken to characterize the response to 5-HT of the canine isolated colon longitudinal muscle. 2. Longitudinal strips of canine midcolon deprived of (sub)mucosa were prepared for isotonic measurement. 5-HT induced contractions from 3 nM onwards, which were not affected by selective inhibition of 5-HT re-uptake, monoamine oxidase or blockade of alpha-adrenoceptors. Tetrodotoxin (0.3 microM) did not affect the responses to 5-HT, suggesting that smooth muscle 5-HT receptors are involved. The selective 5-HT4 receptor antagonist SB 204070 (10 nM) slightly enhanced contractions to 5-HT and therefore it was included in the organ bath solution in all further experiments. The 5-HT1 and 5-HT2 receptor antagonist methysergide (0.1 microM) depressed the curve to 5-HT, but the selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonist granisetron (0.3 microM) had no effect. 3. Besides 5-HT, alpha-methyl-5-HT (alpha-Me-5-HT), 5-methoxytryptamine (5-MeOT), 2-methyl-5-HT (2-Me-5-HT) and 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT) also induced contractions, with the following rank order of potency (pEC50 values in parentheses): 5-HT (6.9) = alpha-methyl-5-HT (6.9) > 2-Me-5-HT (5.8) = 5-MeOT (5.7) = 5-CT (5.6), indicative of 5-HT2 receptor involvement, alpha-Me-5-HT produced a bell-shaped curve, which was not affected by alpha-adrenoceptor blockade. 5-HT, 5-MeOT, 2-Me-5-HT and 5-CT produced a monophasic concentration-response curve, consistent with an interaction with a single receptor site. 8-Hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino) tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) and tryptamine only induced contractions at a concentration exceeding 1 microM. 4. The selective 5-HT2B receptor antagonist SB 204741 (0.3 microM) did not affect the curve to 5-HT. Ketanserin, cisapride and spiroxatrine behaved as competitive antagonists with pKb values of, respectively, 8.4, 8.1 and 6.7. Spiroxatrine (1 microM) shifted the curve to 5-MeOT rightward yielding an apparent pA2 of 7.1. Other antagonists at 5-HT2A receptors also surmountably inhibited the contractions to 5-HT (apparent pA2 value in parentheses): mesulergine (8.2), cinanserin (8.2), yohimbine (6.2) and mianserin (8.6). However, as well as a rightward shift, methiothepin (8.3), pizotifen (8.6) and spiperone (8.8) also caused a depression of the curve, indicative of "pseudo-irreversible' antagonism. Taken together, the above mentioned affinity estimates most closely corresponded to literature affinity values for 5-HT2A receptors. 5. It was concluded that 5-HT induces contractions of the canine midcolon longitudinal muscle primarily by stimulation of smooth muscle 5-HT2A receptors. The presence of inhibitory 5-HT4 receptors cannot be ruled out. SN - 0007-1188 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9051313/Characterization_of_the_contraction_to_5_HT_in_the_canine_colon_longitudinal_muscle_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjp.0700954 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -