Dietary and other lifestyle factors of women with brain gliomas in Los Angeles County (California, USA)Cancer Causes Control 1997; 8(1):5-12CC
A population-based interview study in Los Angeles County (California, USA) of 94 women with intracranial gliomas and 94 individually matched neighborhood controls investigated the relationship to various sources of exposure to N-nitroso compounds and their precursors and to vitamins which inhibit the endogenous formation of these compounds. The study offers some support for the hypothesis that dietary sources of nitroso exposure relate to risk. Risk increased with increasing consumption of cured meats, most notably of bacon (odds ratio [OR] for the third tertile of intake = 6.6, 95 percent confidence interval [CI] = 1.9-22.5, P trend < 0.001). Risk was reduced with increasing intake of vegetables such as bell peppers (OR for third tertile = 0.2, CI = 0.1-0.7, P trend < 0.01). In addition, use of vitamin supplements appeared protective, and there was some suggestion that eating cured meats in combination with foods which inhibit endogenous nitrosation mitigates risk. Other potential sources of nitroso exposure such as smoking, cosmetics, and drinking water did not relate to risk. Despite the limitations of data on usual adult diet, it appears that dietary sources of nitroso compounds may be important in the development of gliomas.