Lipoprotein subfraction concentrations in preeclampsia: pathogenic parallels to atherosclerosis.Obstet Gynecol. 1997 Mar; 89(3):403-8.OG
To determine whether large triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, very-low-density lipoprotein1 (VLDL1), and small, dense low-density lipoprotein (LDL-III), are significantly increased in women with preeclampsia compared with concentrations seen in normal pregnancy.
Plasma concentrations of very-low-density and low-density lipoprotein subfractions and pre-heparin hepatic lipase activity were measured in eight women with preeclampsia and in eight healthy pregnant controls matched for age, gestational age, and weight.
Women with preeclampsia exhibited higher median plasma triglyceride concentrations (3.68 versus 1.93 mmol/L, P = .004) compared with controls. This was reflected in an almost threefold increase in median VLDL1 (184 versus 68 mg/dL, P = .002) and a twofold increase in very-low-density lipoprotein2 (VLDL2) (146 versus 76 mg/dL, P = .014), whereas total plasma cholesterol, intermediate-density lipoprotein, and total LDL concentration were the same in subjects and controls. Furthermore, women with preeclampsia demonstrated significantly lower concentrations of the large, buoyant LDL subfractions, LDL-I and LDL-II, and markedly elevated median plasma concentrations of small, dense LDL, LDL-III (170 versus 55 mg/dL, P = .024). High-density lipoprotein-cholesterol concentration also was significantly lower (P = .021), and pre-heparin hepatic lipase activity was significantly elevated (29 versus 18 mumol fatty acids/mL/hour, P = .041) in the preeclamptic group. The concentration of small, dense LDL correlated positively with plasma triglyceride concentration (r2 = 0.504, P = .002).
Women with preeclampsia exhibit markedly elevated concentrations of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in the circulation. These particles are potential contributors to endothelial dysfunction and the expression of preeclampsia, both directly and, indirectly, through the generation of small, dense LDL.