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Cervicomediastinal thymic cysts.
Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1997 Mar 06; 39(2):139-46.IJ

Abstract

Cervical thymic cysts are among the rarest congenital neck masses. They are probably more frequent than the number of cases reported as many of these lesions are asymptomatic and only discovered incidentally. The initial embryologic development of the thymus begins in the neck, followed by migration into the superior mediastinum. For this reason, extension of cervical thymic anomalies into the mediastinum is possible. Although it is the least common lateral cystic neck mass, it must be differentiated from other pediatric cystic neck masses, the majority of which are anomalies of the branchial system. Due to the possibility of mediastinal extension, the management of these lesions is different than other congenital neck masses. We report two cases of thymic anomalies with mediastinal extension and review the embryology, diagnosis, and management of cervicomediastinal thymic cysts.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, OH 45229, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Case Reports
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9104622

Citation

Kelley, D J., et al. "Cervicomediastinal Thymic Cysts." International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, vol. 39, no. 2, 1997, pp. 139-46.
Kelley DJ, Gerber ME, Willging JP. Cervicomediastinal thymic cysts. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1997;39(2):139-46.
Kelley, D. J., Gerber, M. E., & Willging, J. P. (1997). Cervicomediastinal thymic cysts. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 39(2), 139-46.
Kelley DJ, Gerber ME, Willging JP. Cervicomediastinal Thymic Cysts. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 1997 Mar 6;39(2):139-46. PubMed PMID: 9104622.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cervicomediastinal thymic cysts. AU - Kelley,D J, AU - Gerber,M E, AU - Willging,J P, PY - 1997/3/6/pubmed PY - 1997/3/6/medline PY - 1997/3/6/entrez SP - 139 EP - 46 JF - International journal of pediatric otorhinolaryngology JO - Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol VL - 39 IS - 2 N2 - Cervical thymic cysts are among the rarest congenital neck masses. They are probably more frequent than the number of cases reported as many of these lesions are asymptomatic and only discovered incidentally. The initial embryologic development of the thymus begins in the neck, followed by migration into the superior mediastinum. For this reason, extension of cervical thymic anomalies into the mediastinum is possible. Although it is the least common lateral cystic neck mass, it must be differentiated from other pediatric cystic neck masses, the majority of which are anomalies of the branchial system. Due to the possibility of mediastinal extension, the management of these lesions is different than other congenital neck masses. We report two cases of thymic anomalies with mediastinal extension and review the embryology, diagnosis, and management of cervicomediastinal thymic cysts. SN - 0165-5876 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9104622/Cervicomediastinal_thymic_cysts_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0165587696014851 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -