Differential effects of kinins on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and interstitial collagen matrix in the surviving myocardium after myocardial infarction in the rat.Circulation. 1997 Apr 01; 95(7):1910-7.Circ
Left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarction (MI) involves the hypertrophic growth of cardiomyocytes and the accumulation of fibrillar collagen in the interstitial space. We evaluated the role of kinins in postinfarction ventricular remodeling and their potential contribution to the antiremodeling effects of ACE inhibition and angiotensin II type 1 (AT1) receptor blockade.
METHODS AND RESULTS
Rats underwent coronary artery ligation followed by chronic B2 kinin receptor blockade with icatibant. Additional groups of infarcted rats were treated with the ACE inhibitor lisinopril or the AT1 receptor antagonist ZD7155, each separately and in combination with icatibant. B2 kinin receptor blockade enhanced the interstitial deposition of collagen after MI, whereas morphological and molecular markers of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy (cardiac weight, myocyte cross-sectional area, prepro-atrial natriuretic factor mRNA expression) were not affected. Chronic ACE inhibition and AT1 receptor blockade reduced collagen deposition and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy after MI. The inhibitory action of ACE inhibition and AT1 receptor blockade on interstitial collagen was partially reversed by B2 kinin receptor blockade. However, B2 kinin receptor blockade did not attenuate the effects of ACE inhibition and AT1 receptor blockade on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.
(1) Kinins inhibit the interstitial accumulation of collagen but do not modulate cardiomyocyte hypertrophy after MI. (2) Kinins contribute to the reduction of myocardial collagen accumulation by ACE inhibition and AT1 receptor blockade. (3) The effects of ACE inhibition and AT1 receptor blockade on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy are related to a reduced generation/receptor blockade of angiotensin II.