Immunoglobulin G subclass response to major outer membrane proteins of nontypable Haemophilus influenzae in children with acute otitis media.Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1997 Mar; 116(3):363-71.OH
Children with acute otitis media as the result of nontypable Haemophilus influenzae often develop serum bactericidal and/or opsonic IgG antibodies to this organism during convalescence. Outer membrane proteins appear to be the principal targets for such antibodies. In this study we characterized the IgG subclass responses to major outer membrane proteins of nontypable H. influenzae in otitis-prone children in whom this organism had colonized. Three of the major outer membrane proteins (P2, P5, and P6) were isolated from the homologous nontypable H. influenzae strain recovered from the middle ear at the time of acute infection. Sera were obtained during the acute phase and at 1 and 6 months thereafter. The outer membrane proteins, which were isolated by preparative sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, were used as test antigens in a quantitative IgG subclass enzyme immunoassay. The results of this analysis indicate that the temporal characteristics and distribution of IgG subclass antibodies were found to differ for each of the outer membrane proteins. Moreover, substantial variation between patients was observed with respect to both temporal characteristics and subclass distribution of the IgG response to the three outer membrane proteins. Significantly, sera from two of three otitis-prone subjects contained detectable levels of IgG antibody to the conserved P6 outer membrane protein at the time of acute infection, with serum from one subject also containing detectable levels of IgG3 antibody to this same protein. Nevertheless, the organism persisted in the middle ears of these patients. The results of this study indicate that otitis-prone children manifest a highly variable IgG subclass response to both conserved (P6) and variable (P2) outer membrane proteins of nontypable H. influenzae. Further study is required to ascertain whether these IgG subclass antibodies are biologically efficacious and whether otitis-prone children possess the immunologic maturity to respond to nontypable H. influenzae outer membrane protein-based vaccines in a predictable manner.