The effect of intra-arterial versus intravenous cisplatinum in the neoadjuvant treatment of osteosarcoma of the limbs: the experience at the Rizzoli Institute.Chir Organi Mov. 1996 Sep-Dec; 81(4):369-82.CO
The effect of intra-arterial versus intravenous infusion of cisplatinum on the histological response of osteosarcoma of the limbs was evaluated based on the results of three studies in which CDP was preoperatively associated with MTX and ADM (1st study), and with MTX, ADM, and IFO (2nd and 3rd studies). In the chemotherapeutic protocol that involved 3 drugs the percentage of "good histological responses to chemotherapy" (defined as tumor necrosis > 90%) was significantly higher in the 40 patients who were administered CDP by intra-arterial infusion as compared to that observed in the 39 patients treated with CDP by intravenous route (78% versus 46%: P .004). In the two sequential studies where 4 drugs were used, the percentage of good histological responses was essentially the same for patients treated with CDP administered intravenously, and for those treated with CDP administered intra-arterially (78% versus 84%). Regardless of the route of infusion used to administer cisplatinum the percentage of "good" histological responses was significantly higher in the 109 patients treated with the 4-drug protocol as compared to the 79 patients treated with the 3-drug protocol (82% vs 62%; P .04). This difference may essentially be attributed to the higher percentage of good responses observed in the 4-drug protocol in patients treated with CDP administered intravenously (78% vs 46% for patients treated i.v. with the 3-drug protocol; P .006). For the patients instead treated with CDP administered intra-arterially the percentage of good responses was essentially the same with the 4-drug protocol and with the 3-drug protocol (84% vs 78%; P ns). These data lead us to conclude that in the neoadjuvant treatment of osteosarcoma of the limbs a preoperative 4-drug protocol (MTX, CDP, ADM, IFO) is more effective than a 3-drug protocol (MTX, CDP, ADM), and that in a 4-drug preoperative chemotherapy protocol intra-arterial infusion of CDP does not offer particular advantages as compared to intravenous infusion.