HLA-DRB1*08 influences the development of disease in Mexican Mestizo with spondyloarthropathy.J Rheumatol. 1997 May; 24(5):904-7.JR
HLA class II encoded factors may influence the phenotype of ankylosing spondylitis (AS). These include HLA DRB1*07 for peripheral arthritis, and polymorphism of the HLA-linked LMP2 locus and HLA DRB1*08 for acute anterior uveitis (AAU). We studied the relationship between DRB1*08 and disease phenotype in additional populations of individuals with AS.
The patient population included 385 unrelated HLA-B27 positive individuals with AS. These included 204 Caucasians and 2 populations of Mexican Mestizo with AS: 106 with predominately adult onset disease from Guadalajara and 75 with predominately juvenile onset disease from Mexico City. The control population of 428 individuals included 210 random and 36 HLA-B27 positive unrelated Canadian Caucasians and 173 random and 9 HLA-B27 positive Mexican Mestizo from Mexico City. DRB1*08 typing was by sequence specific polymerase chain reaction.
A significantly higher prevalence of DRB1*08 was observed in Mexican patients with juvenile onset disease (44.9%) and especially those with undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy (55.6%) compared to normal unrelated Mexican Mestizo (25.4%) (p < 0.01 for both) and in patients with undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy versus B27 controls (11.1%) (p = 0.03), although no significant differences were observed in within patient group comparisons based on phenotypic features of disease such as AAU and age at onset. No significant relationship between DRB1*08 and disease phenotype was evident in Caucasian individuals.
Our data suggest DRB1*08 may influence the phenotype of spondyloarthritis in Mexican Mestizo, but do not support the view that DRB1*08 influences the development of AAU, as reported in a Japanese population.