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Microcytic anemia.
Am Fam Physician 1997; 55(7):2455-62AF

Abstract

Because anemia is a condition rather than a disease, an underlying cause must be determined when anemia is identified. Microcytic anemia is a common category of anemia. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of microcytic anemia and is also the most common anemia. The clinical presentation of anemia varies according to its severity. Anemias resulting from chronic disease and thalassemia are also relatively common types of microcytic anemia and should be differentiated from iron deficiency to avoid repeated unnecessary trials of iron therapy. Low serum ferritin is the best single laboratory parameter for the diagnosis of iron deficiency. Serum iron, total iron binding capacity and hemoglobin electrophoresis, if necessary, can help differentiate the type of microcytic anemia in patients with normal or elevated levels of serum ferritin. If the evaluation identifies iron deficiency as the type of anemia, the underlying cause must be investigated.

Authors+Show Affiliations

East Tennessee State University James H. Quillen College of Medicine, Johnson City, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9166144

Citation

Shine, J W.. "Microcytic Anemia." American Family Physician, vol. 55, no. 7, 1997, pp. 2455-62.
Shine JW. Microcytic anemia. Am Fam Physician. 1997;55(7):2455-62.
Shine, J. W. (1997). Microcytic anemia. American Family Physician, 55(7), pp. 2455-62.
Shine JW. Microcytic Anemia. Am Fam Physician. 1997 May 15;55(7):2455-62. PubMed PMID: 9166144.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Microcytic anemia. A1 - Shine,J W, PY - 1997/5/15/pubmed PY - 1997/5/15/medline PY - 1997/5/15/entrez SP - 2455 EP - 62 JF - American family physician JO - Am Fam Physician VL - 55 IS - 7 N2 - Because anemia is a condition rather than a disease, an underlying cause must be determined when anemia is identified. Microcytic anemia is a common category of anemia. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of microcytic anemia and is also the most common anemia. The clinical presentation of anemia varies according to its severity. Anemias resulting from chronic disease and thalassemia are also relatively common types of microcytic anemia and should be differentiated from iron deficiency to avoid repeated unnecessary trials of iron therapy. Low serum ferritin is the best single laboratory parameter for the diagnosis of iron deficiency. Serum iron, total iron binding capacity and hemoglobin electrophoresis, if necessary, can help differentiate the type of microcytic anemia in patients with normal or elevated levels of serum ferritin. If the evaluation identifies iron deficiency as the type of anemia, the underlying cause must be investigated. SN - 0002-838X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9166144/Microcytic_anemia_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/8872 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -