The reliability of performing a screening cystometrogram using a fetal monitoring device for the detection of detrusor instability.Obstet Gynecol. 1997 May; 89(5 Pt 1):708-12.OG
To determine if a cystometrogram performed using the intrauterine pressure channel of a fetal monitor can be used to screen for detrusor instability in women undergoing evaluation for urinary incontinence.
Sixty-six women with primary complaints of urinary incontinence were randomized to have a cystometrogram performed at their initial visit with a multichannel electronic cystometer or with the intrauterine pressure channel of a fetal monitor. Subjects underwent a second cystometrogram 1-4 weeks later with the alternative technique. The results were analyzed with chi 2 analysis and correlation coefficients.
Twenty-two subjects had detrusor instability diagnosed by the multichannel electronic cystometer. The fetal monitor cystometrogram was 91% sensitive and 86% specific in detecting detrusor instability, and had a 77% positive predictive value and a 95% negative predictive value. The correlation coefficients between the two examinations for bladder volume at first sensation, maximum capacity, volume at first contraction, and intensity of uninhibited detrusor contraction were r = 0.51, r = 0.69, r = 0.87, and r = 0.79, respectively; all of these were statistically significant.
The intrauterine pressure channel of a fetal monitor can be used reliably to perform a cystometrogram to screen for detrusor instability in patients presenting with complaints of urinary incontinence.