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Homeless youth and their exposure to and involvement in violence while living on the streets.
J Adolesc Health. 1997 May; 20(5):360-7.JA

Abstract

PURPOSE

The purpose of this research were to explore homeless youths' histories of exposure to violence, perpetration of violence, and fear of violent victimization, and to examine the extent to which these constructs are associated with demographic variables.

METHODS

A sample of 432 youth (between 13 and 23 years old) who were homeless or at imminent risk for homelessness were sampled from both service and street sites. The percentage of youth who reported exposure to each type of violence was calculated. Multiple regression analyses were used to examine differences in the risk of exposure to violence across gender, ethnicity, age, and length of time homeless.

RESULTS

Respondents reported a high rate of exposure to violence. Female respondents reported levels of exposure to violence that were as high as those reported by males. Females were more likely to report having been sexually assaulted and fearing victimization, and tended to be less likely to report perpetrating violence. With a few exceptions, ethnic identity was not a significant predictor of exposure to violence or fear of victimization. Age tended to be inversely associated with risk of exposure to violence. Length of time homeless was not associated with fear of victimization.

CONCLUSIONS

Homeless youth are at high risk for exposure to a variety of forms violence as both witnesses and victims. The overall rates of exposure to violence and patterns of association with demographic variables are significantly higher than those reported in national samples of adolescents.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Adolescent Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles 90054-0700, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9168383

Citation

Kipke, M D., et al. "Homeless Youth and Their Exposure to and Involvement in Violence While Living On the Streets." The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, vol. 20, no. 5, 1997, pp. 360-7.
Kipke MD, Simon TR, Montgomery SB, et al. Homeless youth and their exposure to and involvement in violence while living on the streets. J Adolesc Health. 1997;20(5):360-7.
Kipke, M. D., Simon, T. R., Montgomery, S. B., Unger, J. B., & Iversen, E. F. (1997). Homeless youth and their exposure to and involvement in violence while living on the streets. The Journal of Adolescent Health : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine, 20(5), 360-7.
Kipke MD, et al. Homeless Youth and Their Exposure to and Involvement in Violence While Living On the Streets. J Adolesc Health. 1997;20(5):360-7. PubMed PMID: 9168383.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Homeless youth and their exposure to and involvement in violence while living on the streets. AU - Kipke,M D, AU - Simon,T R, AU - Montgomery,S B, AU - Unger,J B, AU - Iversen,E F, PY - 1997/5/1/pubmed PY - 1997/5/1/medline PY - 1997/5/1/entrez SP - 360 EP - 7 JF - The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine JO - J Adolesc Health VL - 20 IS - 5 N2 - PURPOSE: The purpose of this research were to explore homeless youths' histories of exposure to violence, perpetration of violence, and fear of violent victimization, and to examine the extent to which these constructs are associated with demographic variables. METHODS: A sample of 432 youth (between 13 and 23 years old) who were homeless or at imminent risk for homelessness were sampled from both service and street sites. The percentage of youth who reported exposure to each type of violence was calculated. Multiple regression analyses were used to examine differences in the risk of exposure to violence across gender, ethnicity, age, and length of time homeless. RESULTS: Respondents reported a high rate of exposure to violence. Female respondents reported levels of exposure to violence that were as high as those reported by males. Females were more likely to report having been sexually assaulted and fearing victimization, and tended to be less likely to report perpetrating violence. With a few exceptions, ethnic identity was not a significant predictor of exposure to violence or fear of victimization. Age tended to be inversely associated with risk of exposure to violence. Length of time homeless was not associated with fear of victimization. CONCLUSIONS: Homeless youth are at high risk for exposure to a variety of forms violence as both witnesses and victims. The overall rates of exposure to violence and patterns of association with demographic variables are significantly higher than those reported in national samples of adolescents. SN - 1054-139X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9168383/Homeless_youth_and_their_exposure_to_and_involvement_in_violence_while_living_on_the_streets_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1054-139X(97)00037-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -