Early hemopoietic progenitors in the peripheral blood of patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) after treatment with antilymphocyte globulin (ALG), cyclosporin-A and G-CSF.Haematologica. 1997 Mar-Apr; 82(2):133-7.H
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
We previously reported that patients with acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA) treated with antilymphocyte globulin (ALG), 6-methylprednisolone, cyclosporin A (CyA) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) can mobilize peripheral blood hemopoietic progenitors (PBHP). The aim of the present study was to assess phenotypic and functional properties of these PBHP.
We studied seven patients who underwent 43 leukophereses (median 5) between day +30 and +80 following ALG, while in treatment with CyA and G-CSF. Mobilized peripheral blood hemopoietic progenitors were analyzed using surface markers, conventional assays for clonogenic cells (CFU-GM, BFU-E, CFU-GEMM) as well as the recently developed assay for long-term culture initiating cells (LTC-ICs).
The proportion of CD34+ cells ranged between 0% and 5.4% (median 0.3%), CD34+DR between 0% and 3.5% (median 0.1%) and CD8+ cells between 3.3% and 56% (median 31%). When light density mononuclear cells (MNC) were plated in vitro, we could grow colony-forming units-granulo-macrophage (CFU-GM) (range 0-45/10(5) MNC; normal controls 21-200/10(5) MNC), burst-forming units-erythroid (BFU-E) (range 0-5/10(5) MNC; normal controls 0-6/10(5) MNC), multipotent colonies (CFU-GEMM) (range 0-3/10(5) MNC; normal controls 0-6/10(5) MNC) and high proliferative potential colony-forming cells (HPP-CFC) (range 0-3.4/10(5) MNC). We studied long-term culture-initiating cells (LTC-ICs) in 18 leukophereses from 4 patients; in 7/18 samples LTC-ICs were grown at low frequency (range 0.4-2/10(6) MNC) (normal controls 5-130/10(6) MNC), and in one patient in the absence of CFU-GM growth. The total yield of LTC-ICs in two patients was 7.64 and 10.5 x 10(2)/kg of body weight.
INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS
This study suggests that cells with the phenotype and in vitro function of early hemopoietic progenitors are found, though in small numbers, in the peripheral blood of patients with SAA after treatment with immunosuppressants and prolonged G-CSF administration. Whether G-CSF-mobilized progenitors contribute to hemopoietic recovery in these patients remains to be determined.