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Preliminary pharmacokinetic study of ibuprofen enantiomers after administration of a new oral formulation (ibuprofen arginine) to healthy male volunteers.
Chirality. 1997; 9(3):297-302.C

Abstract

The pharmacokinetics of ibuprofen enantiomers were investigated in a crossover study in which seven healthy male volunteers received single oral doses of 800 mg racemic ibuprofen as a soluble granular formulation (sachet) containing L-arginine (designated trade name: Spedifen), 400 mg (-)R-ibuprofen arginine or 400 mg (+)S-ibuprofen arginine. Plasma levels of both enantiomers were monitored up to 480 minutes after drug intake using an enantioselective analytical method (HPLC with ultraviolet detection) with a quantitation limit of 0.25 mg/l. Substantial inter-subject variability in the evaluated pharmacokinetic parameters was observed in the present study. After (+)S-ibuprofen arginine, the following mean pharmacokinetic parameters +/-SD were calculated for (+)S-ibuprofen: tmax 28.6 +/- 28.4 min; Cmax 36.2 +/- 7.7 mg/l; AUC 86.4 +/- 14.9 mg.h/l; t1/2 105.2 +/- 20.4 min. After (-)R-ibuprofen arginine, the following mean pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated for (+)S-ibuprofen and (-)R-ibuprofen, respectively: tmax 90.0 +/- 17.3 and 50.5 +/- 20.5 min; Cmax 9.7 +/- 3.0 and 35.3 +/- 5.0 mg/l; AUC 47.0 +/- 17.2 and 104.7 +/- 27.7 mg.h/l; t1/2 148.1 +/- 63.6 and 97.7 +/- 23.3 min. After racemic ibuprofen arginine, the following mean pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated for (+)S- and (-)R-ibuprofen, respectively: tmax 30.7 +/- 29.1 and 22.9 +/- 29.8 min; Cmax 29.9 +/- 5.6 and 25.6 +/- 4.4 mg/l; AUC 105.1 +/- 23.0 and 65.3 +/- 15.0 mg.h/l; t1/2 136.6 +/- 20.7 and 128.6 +/- 45.0 min. Tmax values of S(+)- and (-)R-ibuprofen after a single dose of 400 mg of each enantiomer did not differ significantly from the corresponding parameters obtained after a single dose of 800 mg of racemic ibuprofen arginine, indicating that the absorption rate of (-)R- and (+)S-ibuprofen is not different when the two enantiomers are administered alone or as a racemic compound. An average of 49.3 +/- 9.0% of a dose of the (-)R-ibuprofen arginine was bioinverted into its antipode during the study period (480 minutes post-dosing). The percent bioinversion during the first 30 minutes after (-)R-ibuprofen arginine intake averaged 8.1 +/- 3.9%. The mean AUC of (+)S-ibuprofen calculated after 800 mg racemic ibuprofen arginine (105.1 +/- 23.0 mg.h/l) was lower than the mean AUC value obtained by summing the AUCs of (+)S-ibuprofen after administration of 400 mg (+)S-ibuprofen arginine and 400 mg (-)R-ibuprofen arginine (133.4 +/- 26.6 mg.h/l). In conclusion, the administration of Spedifen resulted in very rapid absorption of the (+)S-isomer (eutomer) with tmax values much lower than those observed for this isomer when conventional oral solid formulations such as capsules or tablets of racemic ibuprofen are administered. This characteristic is particularly favourable in those conditions in which a very rapid analgesic effect is required.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Zambon Group S.p.A., Bresso, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9176996

Citation

Fornasini, G, et al. "Preliminary Pharmacokinetic Study of Ibuprofen Enantiomers After Administration of a New Oral Formulation (ibuprofen Arginine) to Healthy Male Volunteers." Chirality, vol. 9, no. 3, 1997, pp. 297-302.
Fornasini G, Monti N, Brogin G, et al. Preliminary pharmacokinetic study of ibuprofen enantiomers after administration of a new oral formulation (ibuprofen arginine) to healthy male volunteers. Chirality. 1997;9(3):297-302.
Fornasini, G., Monti, N., Brogin, G., Gallina, M., Eandi, M., Persiani, S., Bani, M., Della Pepa, C., Zara, G., & Strolin Benedetti, M. (1997). Preliminary pharmacokinetic study of ibuprofen enantiomers after administration of a new oral formulation (ibuprofen arginine) to healthy male volunteers. Chirality, 9(3), 297-302.
Fornasini G, et al. Preliminary Pharmacokinetic Study of Ibuprofen Enantiomers After Administration of a New Oral Formulation (ibuprofen Arginine) to Healthy Male Volunteers. Chirality. 1997;9(3):297-302. PubMed PMID: 9176996.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Preliminary pharmacokinetic study of ibuprofen enantiomers after administration of a new oral formulation (ibuprofen arginine) to healthy male volunteers. AU - Fornasini,G, AU - Monti,N, AU - Brogin,G, AU - Gallina,M, AU - Eandi,M, AU - Persiani,S, AU - Bani,M, AU - Della Pepa,C, AU - Zara,G, AU - Strolin Benedetti,M, PY - 1997/1/1/pubmed PY - 1997/1/1/medline PY - 1997/1/1/entrez SP - 297 EP - 302 JF - Chirality JO - Chirality VL - 9 IS - 3 N2 - The pharmacokinetics of ibuprofen enantiomers were investigated in a crossover study in which seven healthy male volunteers received single oral doses of 800 mg racemic ibuprofen as a soluble granular formulation (sachet) containing L-arginine (designated trade name: Spedifen), 400 mg (-)R-ibuprofen arginine or 400 mg (+)S-ibuprofen arginine. Plasma levels of both enantiomers were monitored up to 480 minutes after drug intake using an enantioselective analytical method (HPLC with ultraviolet detection) with a quantitation limit of 0.25 mg/l. Substantial inter-subject variability in the evaluated pharmacokinetic parameters was observed in the present study. After (+)S-ibuprofen arginine, the following mean pharmacokinetic parameters +/-SD were calculated for (+)S-ibuprofen: tmax 28.6 +/- 28.4 min; Cmax 36.2 +/- 7.7 mg/l; AUC 86.4 +/- 14.9 mg.h/l; t1/2 105.2 +/- 20.4 min. After (-)R-ibuprofen arginine, the following mean pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated for (+)S-ibuprofen and (-)R-ibuprofen, respectively: tmax 90.0 +/- 17.3 and 50.5 +/- 20.5 min; Cmax 9.7 +/- 3.0 and 35.3 +/- 5.0 mg/l; AUC 47.0 +/- 17.2 and 104.7 +/- 27.7 mg.h/l; t1/2 148.1 +/- 63.6 and 97.7 +/- 23.3 min. After racemic ibuprofen arginine, the following mean pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated for (+)S- and (-)R-ibuprofen, respectively: tmax 30.7 +/- 29.1 and 22.9 +/- 29.8 min; Cmax 29.9 +/- 5.6 and 25.6 +/- 4.4 mg/l; AUC 105.1 +/- 23.0 and 65.3 +/- 15.0 mg.h/l; t1/2 136.6 +/- 20.7 and 128.6 +/- 45.0 min. Tmax values of S(+)- and (-)R-ibuprofen after a single dose of 400 mg of each enantiomer did not differ significantly from the corresponding parameters obtained after a single dose of 800 mg of racemic ibuprofen arginine, indicating that the absorption rate of (-)R- and (+)S-ibuprofen is not different when the two enantiomers are administered alone or as a racemic compound. An average of 49.3 +/- 9.0% of a dose of the (-)R-ibuprofen arginine was bioinverted into its antipode during the study period (480 minutes post-dosing). The percent bioinversion during the first 30 minutes after (-)R-ibuprofen arginine intake averaged 8.1 +/- 3.9%. The mean AUC of (+)S-ibuprofen calculated after 800 mg racemic ibuprofen arginine (105.1 +/- 23.0 mg.h/l) was lower than the mean AUC value obtained by summing the AUCs of (+)S-ibuprofen after administration of 400 mg (+)S-ibuprofen arginine and 400 mg (-)R-ibuprofen arginine (133.4 +/- 26.6 mg.h/l). In conclusion, the administration of Spedifen resulted in very rapid absorption of the (+)S-isomer (eutomer) with tmax values much lower than those observed for this isomer when conventional oral solid formulations such as capsules or tablets of racemic ibuprofen are administered. This characteristic is particularly favourable in those conditions in which a very rapid analgesic effect is required. SN - 0899-0042 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9176996/Preliminary_pharmacokinetic_study_of_ibuprofen_enantiomers_after_administration_of_a_new_oral_formulation__ibuprofen_arginine__to_healthy_male_volunteers_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1520-636X(1997)9:3<297::AID-CHIR16>3.0.CO;2-I DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -