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The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among inhabitants and healthy employees of institutes for the intellectually disabled.
Am J Gastroenterol. 1997 Jun; 92(6):1000-4.AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection varies in the Netherlands from 5% in children to about 50% in the elderly. In the institutionalized intellectually disabled, a high prevalence of infection has been reported. It is unknown whether there are specific risk factors to obtain H. pylori infection in this population, and whether employees of such institutes are at risk for H. pylori infection.

METHODS

Therefore, we analyzed the seroprevalence of H. pylori antibodies by ELISA among 338 intellectually disabled inhabitants and 254 employees of two institutes. H. pylori-positive patients were compared with H. pylori-negative controls. The intellectually disabled and the employees were evaluated for possible risk factors.

RESULTS

Of the 338 intellectually disabled, 280 (82.8%, median age 51 yr) were infected with H. pylori. This rate is significantly higher than the prevalence of H. pylori in the Dutch population. The presence of H. pylori was significantly associated with male gender, longer duration of institutionalization, an IQ < 50, rumination, and a history of upper abdominal symptoms. Of the 254 employees, 69 (27.2%) were infected, which is equal to the rate for the total Dutch population. The presence of H. pylori infection among employees was, however, significantly associated with a higher level of physical contact with the intellectually disabled, longer duration of employment, and having upper abdominal symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS

Intellectually disabled persons are at high risk of developing H. pylori infection. Employees with close physical contact to the intellectually disabled population for a considerable period of time are also at increased risk. H. pylori infection should be considered a job attributable risk in this profession.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Bartiméus Institute for the Intellectually Disabled, Zeist, The Netherlands.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9177519

Citation

Böhmer, C J., et al. "The Prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori Infection Among Inhabitants and Healthy Employees of Institutes for the Intellectually Disabled." The American Journal of Gastroenterology, vol. 92, no. 6, 1997, pp. 1000-4.
Böhmer CJ, Klinkenberg-Knol EC, Kuipers EJ, et al. The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among inhabitants and healthy employees of institutes for the intellectually disabled. Am J Gastroenterol. 1997;92(6):1000-4.
Böhmer, C. J., Klinkenberg-Knol, E. C., Kuipers, E. J., Niezen-de Boer, M. C., Schreuder, H., Schuckink-Kool, F., & Meuwissen, S. G. (1997). The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among inhabitants and healthy employees of institutes for the intellectually disabled. The American Journal of Gastroenterology, 92(6), 1000-4.
Böhmer CJ, et al. The Prevalence of Helicobacter Pylori Infection Among Inhabitants and Healthy Employees of Institutes for the Intellectually Disabled. Am J Gastroenterol. 1997;92(6):1000-4. PubMed PMID: 9177519.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among inhabitants and healthy employees of institutes for the intellectually disabled. AU - Böhmer,C J, AU - Klinkenberg-Knol,E C, AU - Kuipers,E J, AU - Niezen-de Boer,M C, AU - Schreuder,H, AU - Schuckink-Kool,F, AU - Meuwissen,S G, PY - 1997/6/1/pubmed PY - 1997/6/1/medline PY - 1997/6/1/entrez SP - 1000 EP - 4 JF - The American journal of gastroenterology JO - Am J Gastroenterol VL - 92 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection varies in the Netherlands from 5% in children to about 50% in the elderly. In the institutionalized intellectually disabled, a high prevalence of infection has been reported. It is unknown whether there are specific risk factors to obtain H. pylori infection in this population, and whether employees of such institutes are at risk for H. pylori infection. METHODS: Therefore, we analyzed the seroprevalence of H. pylori antibodies by ELISA among 338 intellectually disabled inhabitants and 254 employees of two institutes. H. pylori-positive patients were compared with H. pylori-negative controls. The intellectually disabled and the employees were evaluated for possible risk factors. RESULTS: Of the 338 intellectually disabled, 280 (82.8%, median age 51 yr) were infected with H. pylori. This rate is significantly higher than the prevalence of H. pylori in the Dutch population. The presence of H. pylori was significantly associated with male gender, longer duration of institutionalization, an IQ < 50, rumination, and a history of upper abdominal symptoms. Of the 254 employees, 69 (27.2%) were infected, which is equal to the rate for the total Dutch population. The presence of H. pylori infection among employees was, however, significantly associated with a higher level of physical contact with the intellectually disabled, longer duration of employment, and having upper abdominal symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Intellectually disabled persons are at high risk of developing H. pylori infection. Employees with close physical contact to the intellectually disabled population for a considerable period of time are also at increased risk. H. pylori infection should be considered a job attributable risk in this profession. SN - 0002-9270 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9177519/The_prevalence_of_Helicobacter_pylori_infection_among_inhabitants_and_healthy_employees_of_institutes_for_the_intellectually_disabled_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/helicobacterpyloriinfections.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -