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Association of dietary ghee intake with coronary heart disease and risk factor prevalence in rural males.
J Indian Med Assoc. 1997 Mar; 95(3):67-9, 83.JI

Abstract

To determine the association between intake of dietary fat, specifically Indian ghee, and prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and risk factors as study was undertaken on a rural population in Rajasthan. Total community cross-sectional survey was done using a physician administered questionnaire; 1982 males aged 20 years and more were studied. The dietary questionnaire focused on the amount and type of fat consumed. Staple dietary fat in this area is mustard/rapeseed oil and Indian ghee. To define the role of ghee, the average amount consumed in a month was determined; 782 males (39%) consumed 1 kg or more ghee per month (group 1) and 1200 (61%) consumed less than 1 kg per month (group 2). To elicit details of fatty acid composition of the diet consumed, detailed dietary history was acquired from a random 460 (23%) males; 220 from group 1 and 240 from group 2. Group 1 males were significantly younger, more literate and had more weight and body-mass index. This group consumed significantly more calories, saturated and mono-unsaturated fats while the consumption of polyunsaturated fats was similar in the two groups. Fatty acid intake analysis showed that group 1 males consumed more mono-unsaturated (n-9) fatty acids than group 2. Intake of polyunsaturated n-3 and n-6 fatty acids was similar. There was significantly lower prevalence of CHD in men who consumed > kg ghee per month (odds ratio = 0.23, 95% confidence limits 0.18-0.30, p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis confirmed this association (p < 0.001). The prevalence of hypertension and other coronary risk factors was similar in the two groups.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, Monilek Hospital and Research Centre, Jawahar Nagar, Jaipur.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9212571

Citation

Gupta, R, and H Prakash. "Association of Dietary Ghee Intake With Coronary Heart Disease and Risk Factor Prevalence in Rural Males." Journal of the Indian Medical Association, vol. 95, no. 3, 1997, pp. 67-9, 83.
Gupta R, Prakash H. Association of dietary ghee intake with coronary heart disease and risk factor prevalence in rural males. J Indian Med Assoc. 1997;95(3):67-9, 83.
Gupta, R., & Prakash, H. (1997). Association of dietary ghee intake with coronary heart disease and risk factor prevalence in rural males. Journal of the Indian Medical Association, 95(3), 67-9, 83.
Gupta R, Prakash H. Association of Dietary Ghee Intake With Coronary Heart Disease and Risk Factor Prevalence in Rural Males. J Indian Med Assoc. 1997;95(3):67-9, 83. PubMed PMID: 9212571.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of dietary ghee intake with coronary heart disease and risk factor prevalence in rural males. AU - Gupta,R, AU - Prakash,H, PY - 1997/3/1/pubmed PY - 1997/3/1/medline PY - 1997/3/1/entrez SP - 67-9, 83 JF - Journal of the Indian Medical Association JO - J Indian Med Assoc VL - 95 IS - 3 N2 - To determine the association between intake of dietary fat, specifically Indian ghee, and prevalence of coronary heart disease (CHD) and risk factors as study was undertaken on a rural population in Rajasthan. Total community cross-sectional survey was done using a physician administered questionnaire; 1982 males aged 20 years and more were studied. The dietary questionnaire focused on the amount and type of fat consumed. Staple dietary fat in this area is mustard/rapeseed oil and Indian ghee. To define the role of ghee, the average amount consumed in a month was determined; 782 males (39%) consumed 1 kg or more ghee per month (group 1) and 1200 (61%) consumed less than 1 kg per month (group 2). To elicit details of fatty acid composition of the diet consumed, detailed dietary history was acquired from a random 460 (23%) males; 220 from group 1 and 240 from group 2. Group 1 males were significantly younger, more literate and had more weight and body-mass index. This group consumed significantly more calories, saturated and mono-unsaturated fats while the consumption of polyunsaturated fats was similar in the two groups. Fatty acid intake analysis showed that group 1 males consumed more mono-unsaturated (n-9) fatty acids than group 2. Intake of polyunsaturated n-3 and n-6 fatty acids was similar. There was significantly lower prevalence of CHD in men who consumed > kg ghee per month (odds ratio = 0.23, 95% confidence limits 0.18-0.30, p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis confirmed this association (p < 0.001). The prevalence of hypertension and other coronary risk factors was similar in the two groups. SN - 0019-5847 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9212571/Association_of_dietary_ghee_intake_with_coronary_heart_disease_and_risk_factor_prevalence_in_rural_males_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/130 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -