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Population nutrient intake approaches dietary recommendations: 1991 to 1995 Framingham Nutrition Studies.
J Am Diet Assoc. 1997 Jul; 97(7):742-9.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To estimate population nutrient intake levels and to assess adherence to current dietary recommendations for health promotion and disease prevention.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional analysis of nutrient intake estimated from 3-day food records. Median macronutrient and micronutrient intake levels for men, women, and the total population are reported along with the proportions of men and women who achieved intakes compatible with nutrient goals defined by published guidelines.

SETTING

Adult participants (2,520: 1,375 women and 1,145 men) in the Framingham Offspring-Spouse Study surveyed between 1991 and 1995.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

chi 2 Analyses were used to test for gender differences in the proportions of persons who had intakes that met nutrient guidelines.

RESULTS

Population intake levels of certain key nutrients, including total and saturated fat, appear to be approaching recommended levels. High proportions of the Framingham population (70% or more) met current recommendations for intakes of protein, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat, cholesterol, alcohol, vitamins C and B-12, and folacin. About half or fewer met guidelines for carbohydrate; total and saturated fat; fiber; beta carotene; vitamins A, E, and B-6; calcium; and sodium. Important gender differences in the proportion of those meeting nutrient guidelines were observed for 12 of the 18 nutrients examined, including carbohydrate; total, saturated, and monounsaturated fat; cholesterol; fiber; sodium; calcium; and several vitamins.

CONCLUSIONS

Although progress has been made toward achieving population adherence to preventive nutrition recommendations, large proportions of adults fall short of guidelines for some key nutrients. Differences in adherence rates between men and women suggest areas for gender-specific, targeted nutrition messages and behavioral interventions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Boston University School of Public Health, MA 02118, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9216550

Citation

Millen, B E., et al. "Population Nutrient Intake Approaches Dietary Recommendations: 1991 to 1995 Framingham Nutrition Studies." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 97, no. 7, 1997, pp. 742-9.
Millen BE, Quatromoni PA, Franz MM, et al. Population nutrient intake approaches dietary recommendations: 1991 to 1995 Framingham Nutrition Studies. J Am Diet Assoc. 1997;97(7):742-9.
Millen, B. E., Quatromoni, P. A., Franz, M. M., Epstein, B. E., Cupples, L. A., & Copenhafer, D. L. (1997). Population nutrient intake approaches dietary recommendations: 1991 to 1995 Framingham Nutrition Studies. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 97(7), 742-9.
Millen BE, et al. Population Nutrient Intake Approaches Dietary Recommendations: 1991 to 1995 Framingham Nutrition Studies. J Am Diet Assoc. 1997;97(7):742-9. PubMed PMID: 9216550.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Population nutrient intake approaches dietary recommendations: 1991 to 1995 Framingham Nutrition Studies. AU - Millen,B E, AU - Quatromoni,P A, AU - Franz,M M, AU - Epstein,B E, AU - Cupples,L A, AU - Copenhafer,D L, PY - 1997/7/1/pubmed PY - 1997/7/1/medline PY - 1997/7/1/entrez SP - 742 EP - 9 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 97 IS - 7 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To estimate population nutrient intake levels and to assess adherence to current dietary recommendations for health promotion and disease prevention. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of nutrient intake estimated from 3-day food records. Median macronutrient and micronutrient intake levels for men, women, and the total population are reported along with the proportions of men and women who achieved intakes compatible with nutrient goals defined by published guidelines. SETTING: Adult participants (2,520: 1,375 women and 1,145 men) in the Framingham Offspring-Spouse Study surveyed between 1991 and 1995. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: chi 2 Analyses were used to test for gender differences in the proportions of persons who had intakes that met nutrient guidelines. RESULTS: Population intake levels of certain key nutrients, including total and saturated fat, appear to be approaching recommended levels. High proportions of the Framingham population (70% or more) met current recommendations for intakes of protein, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat, cholesterol, alcohol, vitamins C and B-12, and folacin. About half or fewer met guidelines for carbohydrate; total and saturated fat; fiber; beta carotene; vitamins A, E, and B-6; calcium; and sodium. Important gender differences in the proportion of those meeting nutrient guidelines were observed for 12 of the 18 nutrients examined, including carbohydrate; total, saturated, and monounsaturated fat; cholesterol; fiber; sodium; calcium; and several vitamins. CONCLUSIONS: Although progress has been made toward achieving population adherence to preventive nutrition recommendations, large proportions of adults fall short of guidelines for some key nutrients. Differences in adherence rates between men and women suggest areas for gender-specific, targeted nutrition messages and behavioral interventions. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9216550/Population_nutrient_intake_approaches_dietary_recommendations:_1991_to_1995_Framingham_Nutrition_Studies_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(97)00184-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -