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Predictors of injury in ice hockey players. A multivariate, multidisciplinary approach.
Am J Sports Med. 1997 Jul-Aug; 25(4):500-7.AJ

Abstract

Eighty-six male high school ice hockey players participated in this prospective study to determine both the incidence of injury in high school ice hockey and the influence of physical, situational, and psychosocial factors. Physical factors included height, weight, vision, previous injuries, musculoskeletal abnormalities, and injuries present at the time of screening evaluations. Situational factors examined were level of participation, playing time, player position, and games versus practices. Psychosocial factors such as confidence, stress, social support, positive states of mind, and mood states were also examined to determine their influences on injury. Twenty-seven injuries occurred during the 1994 to 1995 season. As hypothesized, the overall incidence of injury in high school hockey games (34.4 per 1000 player-game hours) was less than the incidence of injury in Junior A hockey (96.1 per 1000 player-game hours) and was more than previously reported for Bantam youth hockey (10.9 per 1000 player-game hours). Injuries occurred more often in games than in practices, usually as a result of collisions. Physical factors such as player position and previous injuries did not significantly predict injuries, but players in the high playing time group were more likely to be injured. Psychosocial factors of low vigor and high fatigue as measured by the Incredibly Short Profile of Mood States (ISPOMS) significantly predicted high school ice hockey injuries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Center, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

9240984

Citation

Smith, A M., et al. "Predictors of Injury in Ice Hockey Players. a Multivariate, Multidisciplinary Approach." The American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 25, no. 4, 1997, pp. 500-7.
Smith AM, Stuart MJ, Wiese-Bjornstal DM, et al. Predictors of injury in ice hockey players. A multivariate, multidisciplinary approach. Am J Sports Med. 1997;25(4):500-7.
Smith, A. M., Stuart, M. J., Wiese-Bjornstal, D. M., & Gunnon, C. (1997). Predictors of injury in ice hockey players. A multivariate, multidisciplinary approach. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 25(4), 500-7.
Smith AM, et al. Predictors of Injury in Ice Hockey Players. a Multivariate, Multidisciplinary Approach. Am J Sports Med. 1997 Jul-Aug;25(4):500-7. PubMed PMID: 9240984.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Predictors of injury in ice hockey players. A multivariate, multidisciplinary approach. AU - Smith,A M, AU - Stuart,M J, AU - Wiese-Bjornstal,D M, AU - Gunnon,C, PY - 1997/7/1/pubmed PY - 1997/7/1/medline PY - 1997/7/1/entrez SP - 500 EP - 7 JF - The American journal of sports medicine JO - Am J Sports Med VL - 25 IS - 4 N2 - Eighty-six male high school ice hockey players participated in this prospective study to determine both the incidence of injury in high school ice hockey and the influence of physical, situational, and psychosocial factors. Physical factors included height, weight, vision, previous injuries, musculoskeletal abnormalities, and injuries present at the time of screening evaluations. Situational factors examined were level of participation, playing time, player position, and games versus practices. Psychosocial factors such as confidence, stress, social support, positive states of mind, and mood states were also examined to determine their influences on injury. Twenty-seven injuries occurred during the 1994 to 1995 season. As hypothesized, the overall incidence of injury in high school hockey games (34.4 per 1000 player-game hours) was less than the incidence of injury in Junior A hockey (96.1 per 1000 player-game hours) and was more than previously reported for Bantam youth hockey (10.9 per 1000 player-game hours). Injuries occurred more often in games than in practices, usually as a result of collisions. Physical factors such as player position and previous injuries did not significantly predict injuries, but players in the high playing time group were more likely to be injured. Psychosocial factors of low vigor and high fatigue as measured by the Incredibly Short Profile of Mood States (ISPOMS) significantly predicted high school ice hockey injuries. SN - 0363-5465 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/9240984/Predictors_of_injury_in_ice_hockey_players__A_multivariate_multidisciplinary_approach_ L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/036354659702500413?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -